Journal Article

Molecular alterations of <i>p73</i> in human esophageal squamous cell carcinomas: loss of heterozygosity occurs frequently; loss of imprinting and elevation of <i>p73</i> expression may be related to defective p53

Yuyang Christine Cai, Guang-yu Yang, Yan Nie, Li-Dong Wang, Xin Zhao, Yun-long Song, Darren N. Seril, Jie Liao, Eric Poe Xing and Chung S. Yang

in Carcinogenesis

Volume 21, issue 4, pages 683-689
Published in print April 2000 | ISSN: 0143-3334
Published online April 2000 | e-ISSN: 1460-2180 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/carcin/21.4.683
Molecular alterations of p73 in human esophageal squamous cell carcinomas: loss of heterozygosity occurs frequently; loss of imprinting and elevation of p73 expression may be related to defective p53

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p73 is structurally and functionally related to p53 and is possibly a tumor suppressor gene. Using 15 surgically resected frozen esophageal specimens containing both squamous cell carcinomas (ESCC) and neighboring normal epithelia, we studied p73 gene alterations and mRNA expression. Loss of heterozygosity of the p73 loci was found in nine of 14 informative cases (64%). A polymorphism at codon 173 (Thr) of p73 was identified (eight samples had ACC and seven had ACT), but mutation was not detected in tumor samples. Nine of the 15 ESCC samples (60%) displayed significantly elevated expression of p73 over the neighboring normal epithelium; of these nine samples, four displayed loss of imprinting (LOI) and one switched the expressed allele. Hypermethylation of exon 1 of the p73 gene was not detected, using the bisulfite modification method, in normal or tumor samples. Twelve of the 15 (80%) ESCC samples contained p53 defects, including missense mutation, non-frameshift small deletion or insertion, non-detectable transcripts and protein accumulation. The ESCC samples with p53 defects were significantly correlated with those which had elevated expression of p73 (Fisher's exact test, P < 0.05). The results suggest that increased expression of p73, including that by LOI, could be a partial compensatory mechanism for defective p53.

Keywords: EAC, esophageal adenocarcinoma; ESCC, esophageal squamous cell carcinomas; IHC, immunohistochemistry; LOH, loss of heterozygosity; LOI, loss of imprinting; SSCP, single strand conformation polymorphism.

Journal Article.  4995 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Clinical Cytogenetics and Molecular Genetics

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