Journal Article

Promotion of intestinal carcinogenesis by <i>Streptococcus bovis</i>

Stéphan Ellmerich, Marie Schöller, Benoît Duranton, Francine Gossé, Michel Galluser, Jean-Paul Klein and Francis Raul

in Carcinogenesis

Volume 21, issue 4, pages 753-756
Published in print April 2000 | ISSN: 0143-3334
Published online April 2000 | e-ISSN: 1460-2180 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/carcin/21.4.753
Promotion of intestinal carcinogenesis by Streptococcus bovis

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The involvement of Streptococcus bovis, an member of the human gut flora, in colorectal neoplastic diseases is an object of controversy. The aim of this study was to determine the effects of S.bovis and of antigens extracted from the bacterial cell wall on early preneoplastic changes in the intestinal tract. Adult rats received i.p. injections of azoxymethane (15 mg/kg body weight) once per week for 2 weeks. Fifteen days (week 4) after the last injection of the carcinogen, the rats received, by gavage twice per week during 5 weeks, either S.bovis (1010 bacteria) or wall-extracted antigens (100 μg). One week after the last gavage (week 10), we found that administration of either S.bovis or of antigens from this bacterium promoted the progression of preneoplastic lesions through the increased formation of hyperproliferative aberrant colonic crypts, enhanced the expression of proliferation markers and increased the production of IL-8 in the colonic mucosa. Our study suggests that S.bovis acts as a promoter of early preneoplastic lesions in the colon of rats. The fact that bacterial wall proteins are more potent inducers of neoplastic transformation than the intact bacteria may have important implications in colon cancer prevention.

Keywords: ACF, aberrant crypt foci; AOM, azoxymethane; BHI, brain–heart infusion broth; PBS, phosphate-buffered saline; PCNA, proliferating cell nuclear antigen; WEA, wall-extracted antigens.

Journal Article.  3254 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Clinical Cytogenetics and Molecular Genetics

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