Journal Article

Evidence for a selective loss of somatostatin receptor subtype expression in male germ cell tumors of seminoma type

Najima Baou, Mourad Bouras, Jean-Pierre Droz, Mohamed Benahmed and Slavica Krantic

in Carcinogenesis

Volume 21, issue 4, pages 805-810
Published in print April 2000 | ISSN: 0143-3334
Published online April 2000 | e-ISSN: 1460-2180 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/carcin/21.4.805
Evidence for a selective loss of somatostatin receptor subtype expression in male germ cell tumors of seminoma type

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Somatostatin (SRIF) is a potent antiproliferative signal for both normal and tumoral mammalian cells and an alteration in the SRIF receptor expression pattern has been associated with carcinogenesis. In the present study, the relevance of SRIF signaling to human male germ cell tumors was assessed at the receptor level. The expression of five SRIF receptor (sst1–sst5) mRNAs was estimated by RT–PCR and compared between normal and tumoral testes. All 12 normal testicular tissues studied contained sst3 and sst5 receptor transcripts whereas sst4 was present in almost all (11 of 12). sst1 transcripts were consistently absent while the majority (11/12) of normal samples studied did not contain sst2 mRNA. Parallel assessment of SRIF receptor mRNAs in 10 seminoma testicular germ cell tumors showed expression of a single receptor type, sst5, in all samples analyzed. All seminoma samples were depleted in transcripts corresponding to sst1 and sst2 receptors while either sst3 or sst4 mRNAs were absent in almost all (9 of 10) tumoral samples studied. The comparison of SRIF receptor expression between normal tissue and seminoma tumors thus points to a selective loss of sst3 and sst4 mRNA expression in seminomas. Altogether these data indicate that: (i) normal human testes are putative SRIF targets; (ii) loss of sst3 and sst4 SRIF receptor expression might be associated with seminoma carcinogenesis.

Keywords: CNS, central nervous system; MMLV, Moloney monkey leukemia virus; SRIF, somatostatin.

Journal Article.  5048 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Clinical Cytogenetics and Molecular Genetics

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