Journal Article

Influence of DNA structure on hypoxanthine and 1,<i>N</i><sup>6</sup>-ethenoadenine removal by murine 3-methyladenine DNA glycosylase

Michael D. Wyatt and Leona D. Samson

in Carcinogenesis

Volume 21, issue 5, pages 901-908
Published in print May 2000 | ISSN: 0143-3334
Published online May 2000 | e-ISSN: 1460-2180 | DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.1093/carcin/21.5.901
Influence of DNA structure on hypoxanthine and 1,N6-ethenoadenine removal by murine 3-methyladenine DNA glycosylase

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3-Methyladenine DNA glycosylases initiate base excision repair by flipping the nucleotide bearing the target base out of double-stranded DNA into an active site pocket for glycosylic bond cleavage and base release. Substrate bases for the murine 3-methyladenine DNA glycosylase (other than 3-methyladenine) include hypoxanthine and 1,N6-ethenoadenine, two mutagenic adducts formed by both endogenous and exogenous agents. Using double-stranded DNA oligonucleotides containing damaged bases at specific sites, we studied the relative removal rates for these two adducts when located in different sequence contexts. One of the sequence contexts was an A:T tract, chosen because DNA secondary structure is known to change along the length of this tract, due to a progressive narrowing of the minor groove. Here we report that removal rates for hypoxanthine, but not for 1,N6-ethenoadenine, are dramatically affected by its location within the A:T tract. In addition, the removal rates of hypoxanthine and 1,N6-ethenoadenine when paired opposite thymine or cytosine were examined, and in each sequence context hypoxanthine removal decreased by at least 20-fold when paired opposite cytosine versus thymine. In contrast, 1,N6-ethenoadenine removal was unaffected by the identity of the opposing pyrimidine. We conclude that the removal of certain bases by the mouse 3-methyladenine DNA glycosylase can be modulated by both adjacent and opposing sequence contexts. The influence of DNA sequence context upon DNA repair rates, such as those described here, may contribute to the creation of mutational hot spots in mammalian cells.

Keywords: AAG, human alkyladenine DNA glycosylase; Aag, mouse alkyladenine DNA glycosylase; AP, apurinic/apyrimidinic; BER, base excision repair; εA, 1,N6-ethenoadenine; Hx, hypoxanthine (inosine); 3-MeA, 3-methyladenine; MMS, methyl methanesulfonate.

Journal Article.  6638 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Clinical Cytogenetics and Molecular Genetics

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