Journal Article

Suppression of polypogenesis in a new mouse strain with a truncated Apc<sup>Δ474</sup> by a novel COX-2 inhibitor, JTE-522

Hitoshi Sasai, Michiko Masaki and Korekiyo Wakitani

in Carcinogenesis

Volume 21, issue 5, pages 953-958
Published in print May 2000 | ISSN: 0143-3334
Published online May 2000 | e-ISSN: 1460-2180 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/carcin/21.5.953
Suppression of polypogenesis in a new mouse strain with a truncated ApcΔ474 by a novel COX-2 inhibitor, JTE-522

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Mutations of the adenomatous polyposis coli gene (Apc) have been implicated in the occurrence of sporadic colon cancer. Various Apc knockout strains of mice have been created to better understand the function of this gene. In the present study, using gene targeting, we disrupted the mouse Apc gene at the end of exon 10 to compare its effect with the effects of other types of Apc gene disruption, all of which are on exon 15. The mice expressed a mutant form of mRNA that encoded 474 amino acids instead of 2845 amino acids due to exon duplication. In addition, these ApcΔ474 knockout mice developed intestinal and mammary tumors. Since the most severe cases of familial adenomatous polyposis are associated with mutations on exon 15, our mutation at exon 10 was expected to result in a mild phenotype. However, the number of polyps that our mice developed was similar to that of other Apc knockout mice such as ApcMin and Apc1309 mice. Cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) has been implicated in colorectal carcinoma. ApcΔ474 mice treated with JTE-522, a novel COX-2-selective inhibitor, showed a significantly reduced number of polyps. These results suggest that COX-2 plays an important role in polypogenesis and COX-2-selective inhibitors can be used as new preventive therapeutics against colorectal tumors.

Keywords: Apc, adenomatous polyposis coli; COX, cyclooxygenase; ES, embryonic stem; FAP, familial adenomatous polyposis; Min, multiple intestinal neoplasia; NSAIDs, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs.

Journal Article.  4237 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Clinical Cytogenetics and Molecular Genetics

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