Journal Article

<i>Helicobacter pylori</i> causes DNA damage in gastric epithelial cells

B. Obst, S. Wagner, K.F. Sewing and W. Beil

in Carcinogenesis

Volume 21, issue 6, pages 1111-1115
Published in print June 2000 | ISSN: 0143-3334
Published online June 2000 | e-ISSN: 1460-2180 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/carcin/21.6.1111
Helicobacter pylori causes DNA damage in gastric epithelial cells

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Helicobacter pylori infection has been considered as a risk factor for gastric carcinoma. Strong evidence exists that reactive oxygen species (ROS) play an important role in carcinogenesis, and in vivo investigations have shown increased synthesis of ROS in the gastric mucosa of H.pylori-infected patients. In the present study the direct effects of H.pylori on ROS and DNA synthesis, induction of apoptosis and DNA repair were investigated in the gastric epithelial cell lines AGS and HM02. Incubation of gastric cells with H.pylori extract induced the synthesis of ROS, diminished the levels of reduced glutathione (GSH), induced DNA fragmentation and increased DNA synthesis in gastric cells. Poly(ADP-ribose) formation was increased in gastric cells exposed to H.pylori extract. FACS analysis of gastric cells exposed to H.pylori extract did not reveal any change in the percentage of cells in the G2/M phase of the cell cycle. The radical scavengers MnTBAP (a cell permeable superoxide dismutase mimic), ebselen (a GSH peroxidase mimic) and high doses of catalase completely blocked H.pylori extract-induced elevation in DNA synthesis. Our results indicate that H.pylori extract directly induces the synthesis of ROS in gastric epithelial cells and causes DNA damage.

Keywords: GSH, glutathione; ROS, reactive oxygen species.

Journal Article.  4225 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Clinical Cytogenetics and Molecular Genetics

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