Journal Article

Identification of tamoxifen–DNA adducts in the endometrium of women treated with tamoxifen

Shinya Shibutani, Anisetti Ravindernath, Naomi Suzuki, Isamu Terashima, Steven M. Sugarman, Arthur P. Grollman and Michael L. Pearl

in Carcinogenesis

Volume 21, issue 8, pages 1461-1467
Published in print August 2000 | ISSN: 0143-3334
Published online August 2000 | e-ISSN: 1460-2180 | DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.1093/carcin/21.8.1461
Identification of tamoxifen–DNA adducts in the endometrium of women treated with tamoxifen

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The risk of developing endometrial cancer increases significantly for women treated with tamoxifen (TAM); the present study was designed to investigate the mechanism of this carcinogenic effect. Endometrial tissue was obtained from 16 women treated for varying lengths of time with TAM and from 15 untreated control subjects. DNA was analyzed with a 32P-post-labeling/HPLC on-line monitoring assay capable of detecting 2.5 adducts/1010 nucleotides. Using this sensitive and specific assay, TAM–DNA adducts were detected in eight women. The major adducts found were trans and cis epimers of α-(N2-deoxyguanosinyl) tamoxifen (dG-N2-TAM); levels ranged between 0.2–12 and 1.6–8.3 adducts/108 nucleotides, respectively. There was marked inter-individual variation in the relative amounts of cis and trans adducts present. Low levels (0.74–1.1 adducts/108 nucleotides) of trans and cis forms of dG-N2-TAM N-oxide were detected in one patient. DNA adducts derived from 4-hydroxytamoxifen quinone methide were not observed. We conclude from this analysis that trans and cis dG-N2-TAMs accumulate in significant amounts in the endometrium of many, but not all, women treated with this drug. The level of adducts found, coupled with the previous demonstration of their mutagenicity [Cancer Res., 59, 2091, 1999], suggest that a genotoxic mechanism may be responsible for TAM-induced endometrial cancer.

Keywords: 4-OHTAM, 4-hydroxytamoxifen; dG, 2′-deoxyguanosine; dG3′P, 2′-deoxyguanosine 3′-monophosphate; dG-N2-TAM, α-(N2-deoxyguanosinyl)tamoxifen; TAM N-oxide, tamoxifen N-oxide; TAM, tamoxifen; α-OHTAM, α-hydroxytamoxifen.

Journal Article.  4425 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Clinical Cytogenetics and Molecular Genetics

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