Journal Article

Chemoprevention of biliary carcinogenesis in Syrian hamsters by the novel carboxamide derivative IS-741 after initiation with <i>N</i>-nitrosobis(2-oxopropyl)amine (BOP)

Yoshifumi Ogura, Shinsuke Matsuda, Morihiro Ito, Rui Niimi, Masaki Sumitomo and Yoshifumi Kawarada

in Carcinogenesis

Volume 21, issue 8, pages 1469-1475
Published in print August 2000 | ISSN: 0143-3334
Published online August 2000 | e-ISSN: 1460-2180 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/carcin/21.8.1469
Chemoprevention of biliary carcinogenesis in Syrian hamsters by the novel carboxamide derivative IS-741 after initiation with N-nitrosobis(2-oxopropyl)amine (BOP)

More Like This

Show all results sharing this subject:

  • Clinical Cytogenetics and Molecular Genetics

GO

Show Summary Details

Preview

To elucidate the possible inhibitory effect of a novel carboxamide derivative (IS-741) on biliary carcinogenesis, Syrian hamsters were subjected to cholecystoduodenostomy and ligation of the distal end of the common duct, and then given a regular diet (group I) or a diet containing 200 p.p.m. of IS-741 (group II). All hamsters were subcutaneously injected with N-nitrosobis(2-oxopropyl)amine until 10 weeks after surgery, and continued to feed on their respective dietary regimen until termination of the experiment at 16 weeks after surgery. Biliary adenocarcinomas were evaluated histologically. Non-cancerous and cancerous hepatobiliary tract tissues were analyzed for phospholipase A2 (PLA2) activity, myeloperoxidase (MPO) activity, and the concentrations of prostaglandin (PG), i.e., prostaglandin E2, 6-ketoprostaglandin F1α and thromboxane B2. IS-741 significantly inhibited the development and multiplicity of hepatobiliary adenocarcinomas and reduced the proliferating cell nuclear antigen labeling indices in non-cancerous hepatobiliary tissues, compared with group I. The anti-cancerous effect of IS-741 was associated with a significant inhibition of PLA2 and MPO levels in non-cancerous tissues of the extrahepatic biliary tract and the liver, and in cancerous tissue of the liver. Furthermore, IS-741 reduced the production of PGs in non-cancerous hepatobiliary tissues, compared with group I. Although the precise mechanism of action of IS-741 in preventing biliary tumorigenesis remains to be elucidated, it is likely to be related to modulation of arachidonic acid metabolism and/or suppression of neutrophil accumulation.

Keywords: 6-KF, 6-ketoprostaglandin F1α; AA, arachidonic acid; BOP, N-nitrosobis(2-oxopropyl)amine; COX, cyclooxygenase; IS-741, novel N-(2-sulfonylamino)-5-trifluoromethyl-3-pyridyl carboxamide derivative; LOX, lipoxygenase; MPO, myeloperoxidase; PCNA, proliferating cell nuclear antigen; PG, prostaglandin; PGE2, prostaglandin E2; PLA2, phospholipase A2; PLC, phospholipase C; TXB2, thromboxane B2.

Journal Article.  5330 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Clinical Cytogenetics and Molecular Genetics

Full text: subscription required

How to subscribe Recommend to my Librarian

Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content. Please, subscribe or login to access all content.