Journal Article

Increased susceptibility of poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase-1 knockout mice to nitrosamine carcinogenicity

Masahiro Tsutsumi, Mitsuko Masutani, Tadashige Nozaki, Osamu Kusuoka, Toshifumi Tsujiuchi, Hitoshi Nakagama, Hiroshi Suzuki, Yoichi Konishi and Takashi Sugimura

in Carcinogenesis

Volume 22, issue 1, pages 1-3
Published in print January 2001 | ISSN: 0143-3334
Published online January 2001 | e-ISSN: 1460-2180 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/carcin/22.1.1
Increased susceptibility of poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase-1 knockout mice to nitrosamine carcinogenicity

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The involvement of poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase-1 (Parp-1), one of the poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase family proteins, in genomic stability, DNA repair and cell death triggered by DNA damage has been well documented. However, the potential role of Parp-1 in carcinogenesis has not been well evaluated. In this study the carcinogenic activity of N-nitrosobis(2-hydroxypropyl)amine (BHP) was studied in Parp-1–/– mice, generated by disrupting Parp-1 gene exon 1. Parp-1–/– and Parp-1+/+ male mice received 0, 250 and 500 p.p.m. BHP in their drinking water for 20 weeks and were then killed. The percentage of animals bearing hemangiomas and hemangiosarcomas in the liver and numbers of tumors per mouse were markedly higher in the Parp-1–/– groups given 250 or 500 p.p.m. BHP than in their Parp-1+/+ counterparts. Hemangiosarcomas developed only in Parp-1–/– mice. In the lung the numbers of adenomas per mouse were increased in Parp-1–/– mice given BHP at 250 and 500 p.p.m. (P < 0.01) compared with the Parp-1+/+ case. The results show that susceptibility to BHP is significantly elevated in Parp-1–/– mice, thus providing direct evidence that Parp-1 is relevant to carcinogenesis.

Keywords: BHP, N-nitrosobis(2-hydroxypropyl)amine; Parp, poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase.

Journal Article.  1893 words. 

Subjects: Clinical Cytogenetics and Molecular Genetics

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