Journal Article

Allelic imbalance on chromosomes 13 and 17 and mutation analysis of <i>BRCA1</i> and <i>BRCA2</i> genes in monozygotic twins concordant for breast cancer

Asta Försti, Liping Luo, Igor Vorechovsky, Magnus Söderberg, Paul Lichtenstein and Kari Hemminki

in Carcinogenesis

Volume 22, issue 1, pages 27-33
Published in print January 2001 | ISSN: 0143-3334
Published online January 2001 | e-ISSN: 1460-2180 | DOI:
Allelic imbalance on chromosomes 13 and 17 and mutation analysis of BRCA1 and BRCA2 genes in monozygotic twins concordant for breast cancer

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To study genetic changes associated with the development of breast cancer and the extent of its hereditary predisposition, paraffin-embedded tissue samples were obtained from monozygotic twin pairs concordant for breast cancer through the linked Swedish Twin and Cancer Registries. DNA samples extracted from the matched tumour and normal tissues of nine twin pairs were analysed for allelic imbalance using a series of microsatellite markers on chromosomes 13 and 17, containing loci with known tumour suppressor genes. Multiple losses of constitutional heterozygosity (LOH), consistent with a loss of large genomic region, the whole chromosome or chromosome arm, was found in at least three pairs of twins. One double mitotic crossover was identified in one tumour sample in a pair concordant for LOH at multiple loci on both chromosomes. Recombination breakpoints were mapped to regions delineated by D13S218 and D13S263, and D13S155 and D13S279, respectively. In general, no genetic effect of losing the same allele within a twin pair was found. However, for one marker at chromosome 13 (D13S328, between the BRCA2 and the Rb-1 loci) and two markers on chromosome 17 (D17S786, distal to the p53 locus, and D17S855, an intragenic BRCA1 marker) the proportion of twin pairs with the same LOH was significantly higher than expected. These regions may reflect hereditary genomic changes in our sample set. In addition, tumour DNA samples from a subset of 12 twin pairs were analysed for BRCA1 and BRCA2 mutations using exon-by-exon single-strand conformation polymorphism analysis. Two unclassified BRCA2 variants, with a putative pathogenic effect, were identified, but no pathogenic alterations were found in the BRCA1 gene.

Keywords: LOH, loss of constitutional heterozygosity; SSCP, single-strand conformation polymorphism.

Journal Article.  5139 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Clinical Cytogenetics and Molecular Genetics

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