Journal Article

The <i>little</i> mutation suppresses DEN-induced hepatocarcinogenesis in mice and abrogates genetic and hormonal modulation of susceptibility

James M. Bugni, Therese M. Poole and Norman R. Drinkwater

in Carcinogenesis

Volume 22, issue 11, pages 1853-1862
Published in print November 2001 | ISSN: 0143-3334
Published online November 2001 | e-ISSN: 1460-2180 | DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.1093/carcin/22.11.1853
The little mutation suppresses DEN-induced hepatocarcinogenesis in mice and abrogates genetic and hormonal modulation of susceptibility

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In mice, the sex difference in susceptibility to hepatocarcinogenesis results from the tumor promoting activity of testosterone and from the inhibition of tumor promotion by ovarian hormones. We investigated the role of growth hormone in the sex-dependent regulation of susceptibility, because sex hormones are known to regulate the temporal pattern of growth hormone secretion and subsequent sex differences in liver gene expression. We found that in both males and females, wild-type mice developed significantly more tumors than growth hormone-deficient, C57BL/6J-lit/lit (B6-lit/lit) mutant mice following perinatal treatment with the carcinogen N,N-diethylnitrosamine (DEN). B6 wild-type males developed 36–59-fold more liver tumors per animal than age matched B6-lit/lit males and wild-type females developed 11-fold more tumors than B6-lit/lit females. We bred the little mutation onto the more susceptible C57BR/cdJ (BR) and C3H/HeJ (C3H) strains to assess the effect of growth hormone deficiency on hepatocarcinogenesis on additional genetic backgrounds. Growth hormone deficiency suppressed liver tumor development to <1% in males of each strain and in BR strain females. In B6 and C3H females, growth hormone deficiency caused 2–4-fold reductions in the volume fraction of the liver occupied by preneoplastic lesions. Furthermore, in contrast to wild-type strains, neither gonadectomy nor strain background significantly affected susceptibility in lit/lit mice, as mean liver tumor multiplicities ranged from 0 to 0.24 ± 0.44 and the volume fraction of preneoplastic lesions ranged from 0.21 ± 0.22 to 0.61 ± 1.9%. These results demonstrate that both strain and sex hormonal effects on susceptibility to liver carcinogenesis are dependent on wild-type levels of growth hormone.

Keywords: B6, C57BL/6J; BR, C57BR/cdJ; BrdU, bromodeoxyuridine; C3H, C3H/HeJ; DEN, N,N-diethylnitrosamine; lit, little; Tfm, Testicular feminization.

Journal Article.  9923 words. 

Subjects: Clinical Cytogenetics and Molecular Genetics

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