Journal Article

Rat oesophageal cytochrome P450 (CYP) monooxygenase system: comparison to the liver and relevance in <i>N</i>-nitrosodiethylamine carcinogenesis

Luis F. Ribeiro Pinto, Emanuela Moraes, Rodolpho M. Albano, Maria C. Silva, Wagner Godoy, Tina Glisovic and Matti A. Lang

in Carcinogenesis

Volume 22, issue 11, pages 1877-1883
Published in print November 2001 | ISSN: 0143-3334
Published online November 2001 | e-ISSN: 1460-2180 | DOI:
Rat oesophageal cytochrome P450 (CYP) monooxygenase system: comparison to the liver and relevance in N-nitrosodiethylamine carcinogenesis

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N-nitrosodiethylamine (NDEA) is able to induce tumours in the rat oesophagus. It has been suggested that this could be due to tissue specific expression of NDEA activating cytochrome P450 enzymes. We investigated this by characterizing the oesophageal monooxygenase complex of male Wistar rats and comparing it with that of the liver. Total amount of cytochrome P450, NADPH P450 reductase, cytochrome b5 and cytochrome b5 reductase of the oesophageal mucosa was ~7% of what was found in the liver. In addition, major differences were found in the cytochrome P450 isoenzyme composition between these organs: CYP 2B1/2B2 and CYP3A were found only in the liver, whereas CYP1A1 was constitutively expressed only in the oesophagus. Of the two well-known nitrosamine metabolizing enzymes, CYP2A3 was found only in the oesophagus whereas CYP2E1 was exclusively expressed in the liver. Catalytic studies, western blotting and RT–PCR analyses confirmed the expression of CYP2A3 in the oesophagus. CYP2A enzymes are known to be good catalysts of NDEA metabolism. Oesophageal microsomes had a Km for NDEA metabolism, which was about one-third of that of hepatic microsomes, but they showed similar activities when compared per nmol of total P450. NDEA activity in the oesophagus was significantly increased by coumarin (CO), which also induced oesophageal CYP2A3. Immunoinhibition of the microsomal NDEA activity showed that up to 70% of this reaction is catalysed by CYP2A3 in the oesophagus, whereas no inhibition of the hepatic NDEA activity could be achieved by the anti-CYP2A5 antibody. NDEA, but not N-nitrosodimethylamine (NDMA) inhibited the oesophageal metabolism of CO. The results of the present investigation show major differences in the enzyme composition of the oesophageal and hepatic monooxygenase complexes, and are in accordance with the hypothesis that the NDEA organotropism could, to a large extent, be due to the tissue specific expression of the activating enzymes.

Keywords: CO, coumarin; COH, coumarin-7-hydroxylase; CYP, cytochrome P450; ECOD, 7-ethoxycoumarin-o-deethylase; EROD, 7-ethoxyresorufin-o-deethylase; 3-MC, 3-methylcholanthrene; NDEA, N-nitrosodiethylamine; NDMA, N-nitrosodimethylamine; NMAA, N-nitrosomethylamylamine; NMBA, N-nitrosomethylbutylamine; NMBzA, N-nitrosomethylbenzylamine; NNN, N-nitrosonornicotine; PB, phenobarbital; PROD, 7-pentoxyresorufin o-depenthylase; PY, pyrazole; SDS–PAGE; sodium dodecylsulphate polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis; RT–PCR, reverse transcription–polymerase chain reaction.

Journal Article.  6153 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Clinical Cytogenetics and Molecular Genetics

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