Journal Article

Nitric oxide is involved in arsenite inhibition of pyrimidine dimer excision

D.T. Bau, J.R. Gurr and K.Y. Jan

in Carcinogenesis

Volume 22, issue 5, pages 709-716
Published in print May 2001 | ISSN: 0143-3334
Published online May 2001 | e-ISSN: 1460-2180 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/carcin/22.5.709
Nitric oxide is involved in arsenite inhibition of pyrimidine dimer excision

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Arsenite is a human carcinogen reported to inhibit DNA repair. The binding of arsenite to functional thiol groups of DNA repair enzymes has in the past been suggested as a possible mechanism for the effect of arsenite on DNA repair. However, recent studies indicate that reactive oxygen species and nitric oxide are involved in arsenite toxicity. This research aims to elucidate the role of these possible mechanisms in the inhibition of UV-induced DNA repair by arsenite. As arsenite inhibits UV-DNA repair in Chinese hamster ovary cells, and this is a commonly used cell line for UV repair experiments, we used these cells to examine the effect of arsenite on the expression of UV-irradiated reporter genes. The T4 UV endonuclease V-incorporated comet assay was used to examine specifically the effect of arsenite on pyrimidine dimer excision. We showed that inhibition of UV-DNA repair by arsenite was suppressed by nitric oxide synthase inhibitors. Arsenite increased nitric oxide production and nitric oxide generators inhibited UV-DNA repair. The involvement of nitric oxide in the inhibition of pyrimidine dimer excision by arsenite was also confirmed in human fibroblasts. Investigation into the effect of oxidant modulators did not give a clear indication that reactive oxygen species are involved in arsenite inhibition of UV-DNA repair. Phenylarsine oxide, a strong thiol-reacting agent, did not inhibit pyrimidine dimer excision and also did not increase nitric oxide production. Our results show conclusively that nitric oxide is involved in the inhibition of pyrimidine dimer excision by arsenite. Reactive oxygen species and the binding of arsenite to functional thiol groups of DNA repair enzymes do not appear to be involved.

Keywords: Den V, T4 UV endonuclease V; Fpg, formamidopyrimidine-DNA glycosylase; MTC, S-methyl-l-thiocitrulline; NAME, N-nitro-l-arginine methylester; SIN-1, 3-morpholinosydonimine; Tiron, sodium 4,5-dihydroxybenzene-1,3-disulfonate; Trolox, 6-hydroxy-2,5,7,8-tetramethylchroman-2-carboxylic acid.

Journal Article.  6678 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Clinical Cytogenetics and Molecular Genetics

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