Journal Article

Oral administration of the citrus coumarin, isopimpinellin, blocks DNA adduct formation and skin tumor initiation by 7,12-dimethylbenz[<i>a</i>]anthracene in SENCAR mice

Heather E. Kleiner, Suryanarayana V. Vulimiri, Matthew F. Starost, Melissa J. Reed and John DiGiovanni

in Carcinogenesis

Volume 23, issue 10, pages 1667-1675
Published in print October 2002 | ISSN: 0143-3334
Published online October 2002 | e-ISSN: 1460-2180 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/carcin/23.10.1667
Oral administration of the citrus coumarin, isopimpinellin, blocks DNA adduct formation and skin tumor initiation by 7,12-dimethylbenz[a]anthracene in SENCAR mice

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The current study was designed to evaluate the effects of oral administration of the citrus coumarin, isopimpinellin, on skin tumor initiation by topically applied benzo[a]pyrene (B[a]P) and 7,12-dimethylbenz[a]anthracene (DMBA). To evaluate the effects of orally administered isopimpinellin on skin tumor initiation by B[a]P and DMBA, its effects on DNA adduct formation were first evaluated. Female SENCAR mice were pre-treated twice with corn oil, or isopimpinellin (70 mg/kg body wt per os) at 24 h and 2 h prior to topical treatment with B[a]P or DMBA. Another citrus coumarin, imperatorin, was also included in these experiments for comparison. Orally administered isopimpinellin and imperatorin significantly inhibited B[a]P–DNA adduct formation by 37 and 26%, respectively. Imperatorin also blocked DMBA-DNA adduct formation by 43%. In a second dose–response study, orally administered isopimpinellin (35, 70 and 150 mg/kg) blocked DMBA–DNA adduct formation by 23, 56 and 69%, respectively. For the tumor study, mice were pretreated orally with corn oil or isopimpinellin at 24 and 2 h prior to initiation with DMBA, and 2 weeks later promotion began with 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate (TPA). Isopimpinellin significantly reduced the mean number of papillomas per mouse by 49, 73 and 78% compared to corn oil controls at 30, 70 and 150 mg/kg body wt, respectively. Orally administered isopimpinellin also significantly reduced the percentage of mice with papillomas at the highest dose tested (150 mg/kg). The effectiveness of isopimpinellin given topically over a broad dose range against DMBA tumor initiation was also evaluated for comparison. As part of this study, several parameters of systemic toxicity were evaluated following oral dosing with isopimpinellin and imperatorin. Mice were treated orally with corn oil, isopimpinellin or imperatorin (35, 70 and 150 mg/kg body wt per os) once daily for four consecutive days, killed at 24 h after the last dose, and livers, lungs, and kidneys evaluated histologically. In addition, urinary parameters of nephrotoxicity, blood parameters of liver and kidney function, and thrombin clotting time were assayed. No significant changes in blood clotting, or renal or hepatic function were observed. There was, however, a significant increase in liver wt accompanied by cytoplasmic vacuolation of hepatocytes. There were no histopathological changes in lungs or kidneys. Overall, these data indicate that isopimpinellin (and imperatorin) have chemopreventive effects when administered orally on skin tumor initiation by DMBA.

Keywords: AFB1, aflatoxin B1; ALP, alkaline phosphatase; B[a]P, benzo[a]pyrene; BPDE-dGuo, anti-benzo[a]pyrene diol-epoxide-dGuo; BUN, blood urea nitrogen; dAdo, deoxyadenosine; CYP, cytochrome P450; dGuo, deoxyguanosine; DMBA, 7,12-dimethylbenz[a]anthracene; EROD, ethoxyresorufin O-deethylase; GGT, γ-glutamyl transpeptidase; GST, glutathione S-transferase; 5-MOP, 5-methoxypsoralen; PAH, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon; PROD, pentoxyresorufin O-dealkylase; PUVA, psoralens with UVA; GOT glutamic oxalacetic transaminase; GPT, glutamic pyruvate transaminase; TPA, 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate

Journal Article.  7296 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Clinical Cytogenetics and Molecular Genetics

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