Journal Article

Id-1 stimulates serum independent prostate cancer cell proliferation through inactivation of p16<sup>INK4a</sup>/pRB pathway

Xue Song Ouyang, Xianghong Wang, Ming-Tat Ling, Hing Lok Wong, Sai Wah Tsao and Y.C. Wong

in Carcinogenesis

Volume 23, issue 5, pages 721-725
Published in print May 2002 | ISSN: 0143-3334
Published online May 2002 | e-ISSN: 1460-2180 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/carcin/23.5.721
Id-1 stimulates serum independent prostate cancer cell proliferation through inactivation of p16INK4a/pRB pathway

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It has been suggested that the helix–loop–helix protein Id-1 plays an important role in tumourigenesis in certain types of human cancer. Previously, we reported that Id-1 was up-regulated during sex hormone-induced prostate carcinogenesis in a Noble rat model (Ouyang et al. (2001) Carcinogenesis, 22, 965–973). In the present study, we investigated the direct effect of Id-1 expression on human prostate cancer cell proliferation by transfecting an Id-1 expression vector into a prostate cancer cell line LNCaP. Ten stable transfectant clones were isolated and the ectopic Id-1 expression resulted in both increased DNA synthesis rate and the percentage of S phase cells. To study the possible mechanisms involved in the Id-1 induced prostate cancer cell growth, we examined the expression of several factors responsible for G1 to S phase progression. We found that Id-1 expression induced phosphorylation of RB and down-regulation of p16INK4a but not p21Waf1or p27Kip1. Our results indicate that the Id-1 induced inactivation of p16INK4a/pRB pathway may be responsible for the increased cell proliferation in prostate cancer cells. Given the fact that both Id-1 over-expression and inactivation of p16INK4a/pRB are common events in prostate cancer, our results provide a possible mechanism on the molecular basis of prostate carcinogenesis.

Keywords: BrdU, 5′-bromo-2′-deoxyuridine; FCS, fetal calf serum; HLH, helix–loop–helix.

Journal Article.  3533 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Clinical Cytogenetics and Molecular Genetics

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