Journal Article

Zerumbone, a Southeast Asian ginger sesquiterpene, markedly suppresses free radical generation, proinflammatory protein production, and cancer cell proliferation accompanied by apoptosis: the α,β-unsaturated carbonyl group is a prerequisite

Akira Murakami, Daisuke Takahashi, Takashi Kinoshita, Koichi Koshimizu, Ha Won Kim, Akira Yoshihiro, Yoshimasa Nakamura, Suratwadee Jiwajinda, Junji Terao and Hajime Ohigashi

in Carcinogenesis

Volume 23, issue 5, pages 795-802
Published in print May 2002 | ISSN: 0143-3334
Published online May 2002 | e-ISSN: 1460-2180 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/carcin/23.5.795
Zerumbone, a Southeast Asian ginger sesquiterpene, markedly suppresses free radical generation, proinflammatory protein production, and cancer cell proliferation accompanied by apoptosis: the α,β-unsaturated carbonyl group is a prerequisite

More Like This

Show all results sharing this subject:

  • Clinical Cytogenetics and Molecular Genetics

GO

Show Summary Details

Preview

Zerumbone (ZER), a sesquiterpene from the edible plant Zingiber zerumbet Smith, has recently been found to suppress tumor promoter 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate (TPA)-induced Epstein–Barr virus activation in a potent manner. In the present study, we evaluated the anti-inflammatory and chemopreventive potentials of ZER in a variety of cell culture experiments. ZER effectively suppressed TPA-induced superoxide anion generation from both NADPH oxidase in dimethylsulfoxide-differentiated HL-60 human acute promyelocytic leukemia cells and xanthine oxidase in AS52 Chinese hamster ovary cells. The combined lipopolysaccharide- and interferon-γ-stimulated protein expressions of inducible nitric oxide synthase and cyclooxygenase (COX)-2, together with the release of tumor necrosis factor-α, in RAW 264.7 mouse macrophages were also markedly diminished. These suppressive events were accompanied with a combined decrease in the medium concentrations of nitrite and prostaglandin E2, while the expression level of COX-1 was unchanged. ZER inhibited the proliferation of human colonic adenocarcinoma cell lines (LS174T, LS180, COLO205, and COLO320DM) in a dose-dependent manner, while the growth of normal human dermal (2F0-C25) and colon (CCD-18 Co) fibroblasts was less affected. It also induced apoptosis in COLO205 cells, as detected by dysfunction of the mitochondria transmembrane, Annexin V-detected translocation of phosphatidylserine, and chromatin condensation. Intriguingly, α-humulene, a structural analog lacking only the carbonyl group in ZER, was virtually inactive in all experiments conducted, indicating that the α,β-unsaturated carbonyl group in ZER may play some pivotal roles in interactions with unidentified target molecule(s). Taken together, our results indicate that ZER is a food phytochemical that has distinct potentials for use in anti-inflammation, chemoprevention, and chemotherapy strategies.

Keywords: AP, allopurinol; COX, cyclooxygenase; DMEM, Dulbecco's modified Eagle medium; DMSO, dimethylsulfoxide; DPI, diphenyleneiodonium; EBV, Epstein–Barr virus; FBS, fetal bovine serum; FITC, fluorescence isothiocyanate; HUM, α-humulene; IFN, interferon; iNOS, inducible NO; synthase; IR, inhibitory rate; LPS, lipopolysaccharide; MEM, minimum essential medium; MTT, 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide; NF-ΦB, nuclear factor-kappaB; NO, nitric oxide; NO2−, nitrite; O2−, superoxide anion; PBS, phosphate-buffered saline; PG, prostaglandin; PI, propiodium iodide; PS, phosphatidylserine; TNF, tumor necrosis factor; TPA, 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate; XO, xanthine oxidase; ZER, zerumbone.

Journal Article.  6825 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Clinical Cytogenetics and Molecular Genetics

Full text: subscription required

How to subscribe Recommend to my Librarian

Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content. Please, subscribe or login to access all content.