Journal Article

Suppression of tumorigenesis in the <i>Apc</i><sup>min</sup> mouse: down-regulation of β-catenin signaling by a combination of tea plus sulindac

Gayle A. Orner, W.-Mohaiza Dashwood, Carmen A. Blum, G. Darío Díaz, Qingjie Li and Roderick H. Dashwood

in Carcinogenesis

Volume 24, issue 2, pages 263-267
Published in print February 2003 | ISSN: 0143-3334
Published online February 2003 | e-ISSN: 1460-2180 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/carcin/24.2.263
Suppression of tumorigenesis in the Apcmin mouse: down-regulation of β-catenin signaling by a combination of tea plus sulindac

More Like This

Show all results sharing this subject:

  • Clinical Cytogenetics and Molecular Genetics

GO

Show Summary Details

Preview

Epidemiological and animal studies suggest that tea may be protective towards cancers of the GI tract. White tea, the least processed form of tea, contains high levels of polyphenols and, like green tea, is chemopreventive towards heterocyclic amine-initiated colonic aberrant crypt formation in male F344 rats. We examined for the first time the relative effectiveness of white and green tea in suppressing intestinal tumorigenesis in C57BL/6J-ApcMin/+ (Apcmin) mice. Each tea was also compared with sulindac, a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug known to be highly effective in Apcmin mice. Male C57BL/6J +/+ (wild-type) and Apcmin mice were treated in the drinking water with white tea or green tea (1.5% w/v, 2 min brew-time), 80 p.p.m. sulindac, a combination of 80 p.p.m. sulindac in 1.5% white tea, or pH buffered water. After 12 weeks of treatment, Apcmin mice given white tea, green tea, or sulindac had significantly fewer tumors than controls (P < 0.05). The protection provided by 1.5% green or white tea was comparable to that provided by 80 p.p.m. sulindac. Mice treated with a combination of white tea plus sulindac had significantly fewer tumors than either treatment alone (P < 0.05). β-catenin and β-catenin/Tcf-4 regulated proteins Cyclin D1 and c-Jun were readily detected in polyps, but markedly reduced in normal-looking intestines of mice treated with both tea and sulindac. This research provides evidence that teas, particularly when administered in combination with sulindac, are highly effective at inhibiting intestinal neoplasia in male Apcmin mice via direct or indirect effects on the β-catenin/APC pathway.

Keywords: EGCG, epigallocatechin-3-gallate; EGFRs, epidermal growth factor receptors; FAP, familial adenomatous polyposis; GI, gastrointestinal; NSAIDs, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs; PPAR-δ, peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor delta.

Journal Article.  4021 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Clinical Cytogenetics and Molecular Genetics

Full text: subscription required

How to subscribe Recommend to my Librarian

Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content. Please, subscribe or login to access all content.