Journal Article

Transcriptional upregulation of the insulin-like growth factor binding protein IGFBP-3 by sodium butyrate increases IGF-independent apoptosis in human colonic adenoma-derived epithelial cells

T.J. Collard, M. Guy, A.J. Butt, C.M. Perks, J.M.P. Holly, C. Paraskeva and A.C. Williams

in Carcinogenesis

Volume 24, issue 3, pages 393-401
Published in print March 2003 | ISSN: 0143-3334
Published online March 2003 | e-ISSN: 1460-2180 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/carcin/24.3.393
Transcriptional upregulation of the insulin-like growth factor binding protein IGFBP-3 by sodium butyrate increases IGF-independent apoptosis in human colonic adenoma-derived epithelial cells

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Sodium butyrate (NaBt) and the pro-apoptotic IGFBP-3 protein, expressed at the top of the normal colonic crypt, have both been implicated in the regulation of apoptosis in colonic epithelial cells. Recent studies in human breast and hepatic cell lines have shown that NaBt can transcriptionally upregulate IGFBP-3 expression. However, the role of butyrate in the regulation of IGFBP-3 expression in the colon is less clear, with reports of both up- and downregulation of the IGFBP-3 protein in colorectal cancer cell lines. In this study we have shown that the level of IGFBP-3 protein expression in colonic epithelial cells correlates with the p53 status of the cells; wildtype p53 cells secrete higher levels of IGFBP3 protein than mutant p53 cell lines. Data presented shows that, when treated with a dose of NaBt that induced significant apoptosis (4 mM for 48 h), there was an upregulation of IGFBP-3 protein in both wildtype and mutant p53 expressing cell lines. The NaBt-induced increase in secreted IGFBP-3 protein was associated with transcriptional upregulation of the IGFBP-3 gene. Using a transfected derivative of the S/RG/C2 adenoma-derived cell line, which stably expressed exogenous IGFBP-3 protein at levels equivalent to that secreted by the 4 mM NaBt-treated parental line (1–3 ng/106 cells), we have shown a >2-fold increase in the sensitivity of the cells to NaBt-induced apoptosis when compared with the vector control and parental cell lines. Furthermore, inhibition of the secreted IGFBP-3 protein, by addition of neutralizing antibodies, resulted in a significant decrease in NaBt-induced apoptosis. These data suggest that IGFBP-3 may act as a positive regulator of NaBt-induced apoptosis in colonic epithelial cells, and represents a potentially important mechanism whereby the sensitivity of colonic epithelial cells to NaBt-induced apoptosis can be increased.

Journal Article.  6032 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Clinical Cytogenetics and Molecular Genetics

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