Journal Article

Reduced constitutive 8-oxoguanine-DNA glycosylase expression and impaired induction following oxidative DNA damage in the tuberin deficient Eker rat

Samy L. Habib, Minh N. Phan, Sonal K. Patel, Donghui Li, Terrence J. Monks and Serrine S. Lau

in Carcinogenesis

Volume 24, issue 3, pages 573-582
Published in print March 2003 | ISSN: 0143-3334
Published online March 2003 | e-ISSN: 1460-2180 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/carcin/24.3.573
Reduced constitutive 8-oxoguanine-DNA glycosylase expression and impaired induction following oxidative DNA damage in the tuberin deficient Eker rat

More Like This

Show all results sharing this subject:

  • Clinical Cytogenetics and Molecular Genetics

GO

Show Summary Details

Preview

The Tsc-2 tumor suppressor gene encodes the protein tuberin, a multi-functional protein with sequence homology to the GTPase activating protein (GAP) for Rap1. Mutations in the Tsc-2 gene are associated with the development of renal tumors. The Eker rat (Tsc-2EK/+) bears a mutation in one allele of the Tsc-2 gene, which predisposes these animals to renal cancer. Treatment of wild-type (Tsc-2+/+) and mutant (Tsc-2EK/+) Eker rats with 2,3,5-tris-(glutathion-S-yl)hydroquinone (TGHQ; 7.5 μmol/kg. i.v.), a potent redox active and nephrotoxic metabolite of hydroquinone increases the incidence of renal tumors only in animals carrying the mutant Tsc-2EK/+ allele. We now show that the constitutive expression of 8-oxoguanine-DNA glycosylase (OGG1) in Tsc-2EK/+ rats is three-fold lower than in wild-type Tsc-2+/+ rats. Moreover, treatment of wild-type and mutant Eker rats with TGHQ greatly increases 8-oxo-deoxyguanosine (8-oxo-dG) levels within the outer stripe of the outer medulla. Tsc-2EK/+ rats, with lower constitutive renal OGG1 expression, experience substantially higher levels of 8-oxo-dG than do wild type Tsc-2+/+ rats. Interestingly, whereas OGG1 expression was rapidly (4 h) induced in Tsc-2+/+ rats following exposure to TGHQ, it was significantly reduced in Tsc-2EK/+ rats. The combination of the higher constitutive expression of OGG1 in Tsc-2+/+ rats, and its rapid induction in response to TGHQ treatment, coupled to the initial decrease in OGG1 expression in Tsc-2EK/+ rats, results in Tsc-2EK/+ OGG1 protein levels just 5% of those seen in Tsc-2+/+ rats 8 h after treatment. Coincidentally, 8-oxo-dG levels in Tsc-2+/+ rats 8 h after treatment with TGHQ are just 5% of those that occur in Tsc-2EK/+ rats. The results indicate that the Tsc-2 gene influences constitutive OGG1 expression and the ability of OGG1 to respond to an oxidative stress, consistent with the proposal that Tsc-2 is an acute-phase response gene. In keeping with this view, acute TGHQ-induced cytotoxicity was greater in Tsc-2EK/+ rats than in Tsc-2+/+ rats. The mechanism(s) coupling tuberin expression to the regulation of OGG1 are not known and are under investigation.

Keywords: FITC, fluorescein isothiocynates; γ-GT, γ-glutamyl transpeptidase; GST, glutathione-S-transferase; LOH, loss of heterozygosity; OGG1, 8-oxoguanine-DNA glycosylase; OSOM, outer stripe of the outer medulla; 8-oxo-dG, 8-oxo-deoxyguanine; PI, propidium iodide; PBS, phosphate buffered saline; PVDF, polyvinylidene difluoride; ROS, reactive oxygen species; TBS, tris-buffered saline; TBS-T, tris-buffered saline containing 0.1% Tween 20; TGHQ, 2,3,5-tris-(glutathion-S-yl)hydroquinone; Tsc-2, tuberous sclerosis-2; Tsc-2EK/+, mutant Eker carrier rats; Tsc-2+/+, wild-type Eker non-carrier rats.

Journal Article.  6066 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Clinical Cytogenetics and Molecular Genetics

Full text: subscription required

How to subscribe Recommend to my Librarian

Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content. Please, subscribe or login to access all content.