Journal Article

A specific haplotype of single nucleotide polymorphisms on chromosome 19q13.2–3 encompassing the gene <i>RAI</i> is indicative of post-menopausal breast cancer before age 55

Bjørn A. Nexø, Ulla Vogel, Anja Olsen, Tina Ketelsen, Zuzanna Bukowy, Birthe L. Thomsen, Håkan Wallin, Kim Overvad and Anne Tjønneland

in Carcinogenesis

Volume 24, issue 5, pages 899-904
Published in print May 2003 | ISSN: 0143-3334
Published online May 2003 | e-ISSN: 1460-2180 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/carcin/bgg043
A specific haplotype of single nucleotide polymorphisms on chromosome 19q13.2–3 encompassing the gene RAI is indicative of post-menopausal breast cancer before age 55

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The new genetic information, in particular the greatly increased density of markers in the chromosomal maps, may permit analysis of the importance of genes in the development of disease exclusively from molecular epidemiological studies. Motivated by our previous results on the same region in relation to basal cell carcinoma we have investigated the occurrence of post-menopausal breast cancer in relation to a number of single nucleotide polymorphisms in the chromosomal region 19q13.2–3. A case–control study including 425 human cases and a similar number of controls was nested in a population-based prospective investigation encompassing 24 697 Danish post-menopausal women (aged 50–64 at inclusion) living in Copenhagen or Aarhus. We combined three markers located together in or near the gene RAI into a high-risk haplotype. Compared with all other haplotypes, those who were homozygous had a rate ratio of 1.64 (95% CI 1.17–2.29, P ≤ 0.004) for development of breast cancer. When we further focused on those persons with post-menopausal breast cancer before age 55 the rate ratio increased to 9.5 (95% CI 2.21–40.79, P ≤ 0.003). The likely explanation for our results is a common recessive genetic variant located in or near the gene RAI, which, when homozygous, conveys an increased risk of breast cancer. Presumably it is identical to the genetic variant previously observed in the same region that increases the risk of basal cell carcinoma before age 50.

Keywords: HRT, hormone replacement therapy; RR, rate ratio; SNP, single nucleotide polymorphism.

Journal Article.  4346 words. 

Subjects: Clinical Cytogenetics and Molecular Genetics

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