Journal Article

Recombination at chromosomal sequences involved in leukaemogenic rearrangements is differentially regulated by p53

Gisa S. Boehden, Anja Restle, Rolf Marschalek, Carol Stocking and Lisa Wiesmüller

in Carcinogenesis

Volume 25, issue 8, pages 1305-1313
Published in print August 2004 | ISSN: 0143-3334
Published online August 2004 | e-ISSN: 1460-2180 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/carcin/bgh092
Recombination at chromosomal sequences involved in leukaemogenic rearrangements is differentially regulated by p53

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Chromosomal translocations and retroviral integration events at breakpoint cluster regions (bcrs) have been associated with leukaemias. To directly compare the effect of different cis-regulatory sequences on recombination, we adapted our SV40 based model system to the analysis of correspondingly selected bcrs from the TAL1, LMO2, retinoic acid receptor α (RARα) and MLL genes. We show that a 399 bp fragment from the MLL bcr is sufficient to cause a 3–4-fold stimulation of spontaneously occurring DNA exchange and to respond to etoposide by up to 10-fold further elevated frequencies, i.e. to mimic the fragility of the 8.3 kb bcr during chemotherapy. To analyse the regulatory role of p53 in recombination involving leukaemia-related sequences, we stably expressed wtp53 and a transactivation negative mutant. Consistent with the proposed role of p53 as a suppressor of error-prone recombination, both p53 proteins down-regulated recombination with most of the sequences tested, even with the MLL bcr after etoposide treatment. Surprisingly, however, p53 stimulated recombination, in constructs carrying the RARα bcr fragment. This is the first study, which provides evidence for a stimulatory role of p53 in homologous recombination. Our data further indicate that inhibition of topoisomerase I can mimic the effects of p53 on stimulating recombination on the RARα bcr. Thus, these data also firstly describe a biological role of the biochemical interactions between p53 and topoisomerase I that may have implications for a gain-of-function phenotype of certain p53 mutants in genetic destabilization.

Keywords: bcrs, breakpoint cluster regions; BLM, Bloom syndrome protein; DSB, double-strand break; HR, homologous recombination; RARα, retinoic acid receptor α; RGC, ribosomal gene cluster

Journal Article.  6816 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Clinical Cytogenetics and Molecular Genetics

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