Journal Article

Saucernetin-7 isolated from <i>Saururus chinensis</i> inhibits proliferation of human promyelocytic HL-60 leukemia cells via G<sub>0</sub>/G<sub>1</sub> phase arrest and induction of differentiation

Bo-Rim Seo, Kyung-Won Lee, Joohun Ha, Hee-Jun Park, Jong-Won Choi and Kyung-Tae Lee

in Carcinogenesis

Volume 25, issue 8, pages 1387-1394
Published in print August 2004 | ISSN: 0143-3334
Published online August 2004 | e-ISSN: 1460-2180 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/carcin/bgh143
Saucernetin-7 isolated from Saururus chinensis inhibits proliferation of human promyelocytic HL-60 leukemia cells via G0/G1 phase arrest and induction of differentiation

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In the present study, we investigated the in vitro effect of saucernetin-7, which is a dineolignan isolated from Saururus chinensis, on the proliferation, cell cycle-regulation and differentiation of HL-60 human promyelocytic leukemia cells. Saucernetin-7 potently inhibited the proliferation of HL-60 cells in both a dose- and time-dependent manner with an IC50, ∼5 µM. DNA flow-cytometry indicated that saucernetin-7 markedly induced a G1 phase arrest of HL-60 cells. Among the G1 phase cell cycle-related proteins, the levels of cyclin-dependent kinase (CDK)6 and cyclin D1 were reduced by saucernetin-7, whereas the steady-state levels of CDK2, CDK4, cyclin D2, cyclin D3 and cyclin E were unaffected. The protein and mRNA levels of a CDK inhibitor p21CIP1/WAF1, but not p27KIP1, were markedly increased by saucernetin-7 and p21CIP1/WAF1 induction is likely to occur at the transcriptional level because actinomycin D blocked this induction. In addition, saucernetin-7 markedly enhanced the binding of p21CIP1/WAF1 with CDK2 and CDK6, resulting in the reduced activity of both kinases and the hypophosphorylation of Rb protein. We furthermore suggest that saucernetin-7 is a potent inducer of the differentiation of HL-60 cells, based on observations such as a reduction of the nitroblue tetrazolium level, an increase in the esterase activities and phagocytic activity, morphology changes, and the expression of CD14 and CD66b surface antigens. In conclusion, the onset of saucernetin-7-induced the G0/G1 arrest of HL-60 cells prior to the differentiation is linked to a sharp up-regulation of the p21CIP1/WAF1 level and a decrease in the CDK2 and CDK6 activities. This is the first report demonstrating that saucernetin-7 potently inhibits the proliferation of human promyelocytic HL-60 cells via the G1 phase cell cycle arrest and differentiation induction.

Keywords: BrdU, 5-bromo-2′-deoxyuridine; CDK, cyclin-dependent kinases; CKI, cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor; ELISA, enzyme-linked immunoassay; FACS, fluorescence-activated cell sorting; NBT, nitrobluetetra-zolium; Rb, retinoblastoma

Journal Article.  5518 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Clinical Cytogenetics and Molecular Genetics

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