Journal Article

Cellular repair of oxidatively induced DNA base lesions is defective in prostate cancer cell lines, PC-3 and DU-145

Andrzej R. Trzeciak, Simon G. Nyaga, Pawel Jaruga, Althaf Lohani, Miral Dizdaroglu and Michele K. Evans

in Carcinogenesis

Volume 25, issue 8, pages 1359-1370
Published in print August 2004 | ISSN: 0143-3334
Published online August 2004 | e-ISSN: 1460-2180 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/carcin/bgh144
Cellular repair of oxidatively induced DNA base lesions is defective in prostate cancer cell lines, PC-3 and DU-145

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Mutagenic oxidative DNA base damage increases with age in prostatic tissue. Various factors may influence this increase including: increased production of reactive oxygen species, increased susceptibility to oxidative stress, alterations in detoxifying enzyme levels or defects in DNA repair. Using liquid chromatography/mass spectrometry and gas chromatography/mass spectrometry, we show increased levels of oxidative DNA base lesions, 8-hydroxyguanine (8-oxoG), 8-hydroxyadenine (8-oxoA) and 5-hydroxycytosine (5OHC) over the baseline in PC-3 and DU-145 prostate cancer cells following exposure to ionizing radiation and a repair period. Nuclear extracts from PC-3 and DU-145 prostate cancer cell lines are defective in the incision of 8-oxoG, 5OHC and thymine glycol (TG) relative to the non-malignant prostate cell line. Consistent with reduced expression of OGG1 2a, incision of 8-oxoG is reduced in PC-3 and DU-145 mitochondrial extracts. We also show a correlation between severely defective incision of TG and 5OHC and reduced levels of NTH1 in PC-3 mitochondria. The antioxidant enzymes, glutathione peroxidase (GPx), catalase and superoxide dismutases (SOD1, SOD2), have altered expression patterns in these cancer cell lines. Genetic analysis of the OGG1 gene reveals that both PC-3 and DU-145 cell lines harbor polymorphisms associated with a higher susceptibility to certain cancers. These data suggest that the malignant phenotype in PC-3 and DU-145 cell lines may be associated with defects in base excision repair and alterations in expression of antioxidant enzymes.

Keywords: AP, apurinic/apyrimidinic; BER, base excision repair; GC/MS, gas chromatography/mass spectrometry; LC/MS, liquid chromatography/mass spectrometry; MMR, mismatch repair; 5OHC, 5-hydroxycytosine; 8-oxoA, 8-hydroxyadenine; 8-oxoG, 8-hydroxyguanine; ROS, reactive oxygen species; TG, thymine glycol

Journal Article.  9536 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Clinical Cytogenetics and Molecular Genetics

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