Journal Article

Oligonucleotide microarray analysis of gene expression in neuroblastoma displaying loss of chromosome 11q

L. McArdle, M. McDermott, R. Purcell, D. Grehan, A. O'Meara, F. Breatnach, D. Catchpoole, A. C. Culhane, I. Jeffery, W. M. Gallagher and R. L. Stallings

in Carcinogenesis

Volume 25, issue 9, pages 1599-1609
Published in print September 2004 | ISSN: 0143-3334
Published online September 2004 | e-ISSN: 1460-2180 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/carcin/bgh173
Oligonucleotide microarray analysis of gene expression in neuroblastoma displaying loss of chromosome 11q

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A number of distinct subtypes of neuroblastoma exist with different genetic abnormalities that are predicative of outcome. Whole chromosome gains are usually associated with low stage disease and favourable outcome, whereas loss of 1p, 3p and 11q, unbalanced gain of 17q and MYCN amplification (MNA) are indicative of high stage disease and unfavourable prognosis. Although MNA and loss of 11q appear to represent two distinct genetic subtypes of advanced stage neuroblastoma, a detailed understanding of how these subtypes differ in terms of global gene expression is still lacking. We have used metaphase comparative genomic hybridization (CGH) analysis in combination with oligonucleotide technology to identify patterns of gene expression that correlate with specific genomic imbalances found in primary neuroblastic tumours and cell lines. The tumours analysed in this manner included a ganglioneuroma, along with various ganglioneuroblastoma and neuroblastoma of different stages and histopathological classifications. Oligonucleotide microarray-based gene expression profile analysis was performed with Affymetrix HU133A arrays representing ∼14 500 unique genes. The oligonucleotide microarray results were subsequently validated by quantitative real-time PCR, immunohistochemical staining, and by comparison of specific gene expression patterns with published results. Hierarchical clustering of gene expression data distinguished tumours on the basis of stage, differentiation and genetic abnormalities. A number of genes were identified whose patterns of expression were highly correlated with 11q loss; supporting the concept that loss of 11q represents a distinct genetic subtype of neuroblastoma. The implications of these results in the process of neuroblastoma development and progression are discussed.

Keywords: CGH, comparative genomic hybridization; COA, correspondence analysis; MNA, MYCN amplification; RMA, Robust Multi-Chip Average; TMA, tissue microarray

Journal Article.  7700 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Clinical Cytogenetics and Molecular Genetics

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