Journal Article

Modulation by celecoxib and difluoromethylornithine of the methylation of DNA and the estrogen receptor-α gene in rat colon tumors

Michael A. Pereira, Lianhui Tao, Wei Wang, Yingzhe Li, Asad Umar, Vernon E. Steele and Ronald A. Lubet

in Carcinogenesis

Volume 25, issue 10, pages 1917-1923
Published in print October 2004 | ISSN: 0143-3334
Published online October 2004 | e-ISSN: 1460-2180 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/carcin/bgh209
Modulation by celecoxib and difluoromethylornithine of the methylation of DNA and the estrogen receptor-α gene in rat colon tumors

More Like This

Show all results sharing this subject:

  • Clinical Cytogenetics and Molecular Genetics

GO

Show Summary Details

Preview

The ability of celecoxib and α-difluoromethylornithine (DFMO) to modulate the DNA hypomethylation and the hypermethylation of the estrogen receptor (ER)-α gene in colon tumors was evaluated as potential biomarkers for chemoprevention. Colon tumors were induced in rats by azoxymethane. Celecoxib (500 mg/kg), DFMO (100, 1000 and 3000 mg/kg) or celecoxib + 1000 mg/kg DFMO were administered in the diet for 7 or 28 days prior to death at week 37. Relative to the normal colon mucosa, colon tumors contained global hypomethylated DNA but simultaneous hypermethylation of the promoter plus exon-1 region of the ER-α gene. Limited treatment with celecoxib (500 p.p.m. in diet) or DFMO (1000 or 3000 p.p.m. in diet) reversed the DNA hypomethylation. Administering 1000 and 3000 p.p.m. DFMO for 7-days decreased the number of methylated CpG sites in the ER-α gene from 5.00 ± 0.95 to 3.83 ± 0.75 and 1.75 ± 0.49 these levels were further reduced to 0.50 ± 0.26 following administration of 1000 mg/kg for 28 days. Celecoxib administered for 7 and 28 days reduced the number of methylated sites to 4.25 ± 0.48 and 1.5 ± 0.50. The combination containing celecoxib and DFMO reduced the number of methylated sites to 0.20 ± 0.20 at both 7 and 28 days. In parallel with the hypermethylation of the ER-α gene, the mRNA expression of the gene was decreased in colon tumors and was increased by celecoxib, DFMO or the combination. Celecoxib and DFMO reversed DNA hypomethylation and the hypermethylation of the ER-α gene in colon tumors supporting the hypothesis that modulation of methylation is a biomarker of chemoprevention.

Keywords: AOM, azoxymethane; DFMO, α-difluoromethylornithine; ER-α, estrogen receptor-α; 5-MeC, 5-methylcytosines

Journal Article.  4933 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Clinical Cytogenetics and Molecular Genetics

Full text: subscription required

How to subscribe Recommend to my Librarian

Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content. Please, subscribe or login to access all content.