Journal Article

Anti-angiogenic effects of somatostatin receptor subtype 2 on human pancreatic cancer xenografts

Manoj Kumar, Zheng-Ren Liu, Laxmi Thapa and Ren-Yi Qin

in Carcinogenesis

Volume 25, issue 11, pages 2075-2081
Published in print November 2004 | ISSN: 0143-3334
Published online November 2004 | e-ISSN: 1460-2180 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/carcin/bgh216
Anti-angiogenic effects of somatostatin receptor subtype 2 on human pancreatic cancer xenografts

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Somatostatin receptor subtypes, especially subtype 2 (SSTR2), exert their antitumor (cytostatic and/or cytotoxic) and anti-angiogenic effects. Here we aimed to investigate the anti-angiogenic effect of SSTR2 gene transfer into pancreatic cancer cell line PC-3, and the mechanisms involved in this effect. The full-length human SSTR2 complementary DNA was introduced into pancreatic cancer cell line PC-3 by lipofectamine-mediated transfection, and stable expression of SSTR2 was detected by immunohistochemistry and RT–PCR. Athymic mice were separately xenografted with SSTR2-expressing cells (experimental group), vector control and mock control cells. Intratumoral microvessel density (MVD) was assessed by immunohistochemistry. Immunohistochemistry and RT–PCR were used to determine the expression of angiogenic factors vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF) and matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-2 in xenograft tumors. MVD was significantly lower in the experimental group (5.16 ± 1.34) than that in the vector control (16.52 ± 2.25) and mock control (15.32 ± 2.53) (P < 0.05). The immunohistochemical assay showed a significant decrease in the expression of VEGF, bFGF and MMP-2 protein in the experimental group compared with the vector control and mock control, considering both the integral optical density and area of staining (P < 0.05). RT–PCR showed a significant reduction of VEGF, bFGF and MMP-2 mRNA expression in the experimental group compared with the vector control and mock control (P < 0.05). Thus, introduction of the SSTR2 gene, the expression of which is frequently lost in human pancreatic adenocarcinoma, exerts its anti-angiogenic effects by down-regulating the expression of the factors, which are involved in tumor angiogenesis and metastasis, suggesting SSTR2 gene transfer as a promising strategy of gene therapy for pancreatic cancer.

Keywords: bFGF, basic fibroblast growth factor; cDNA, complementary DNA; DMEM, Dulbecco's modified Eagle's medium; EC, endothelial cell; ECM, extracellular matrix; FBS, fetal bovine serum; MMP-2, matrix metalloproteinase-2; MVD, microvesel density; MT1-MMP, membrane type 1-matrix metalloproteinase; MT2-MMP, membrane type 2-matrix metalloproteinase; SABC, streptavidin–biotin complex; SS, somatostatin; SSTR2, somatostatin receptor subtype 2; VEGF, vascular endothelial growth factor; VEGFR, vascular endothelial growth factor receptor

Journal Article.  5534 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Clinical Cytogenetics and Molecular Genetics

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