Journal Article

The PPARγ Pro12Ala polymorphism and risk for incident sporadic colorectal adenomas

Zhihong Gong, Dawen Xie, Zonglin Deng, Roberd M. Bostick, Stephanie J. Muga, Thomas G. Hurley and James R. Hebert

in Carcinogenesis

Volume 26, issue 3, pages 579-585
Published in print March 2005 | ISSN: 0143-3334
Published online March 2005 | e-ISSN: 1460-2180 | DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.1093/carcin/bgh343
The PPARγ Pro12Ala polymorphism and risk for incident sporadic colorectal adenomas

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Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor γ (PPARγ), a member of the nuclear hormone receptor superfamily initially shown to be a key regulator of fat cell differentiation, can inhibit cell growth and induce apoptosis in colon cell lines. There are heterozygous loss of function mutations in the gene encoding PPARγ in tumors from ∼10% of human colon cancer patients. A common structural polymorphism has been detected in the PPARγ gene at codon 12 (Pro12Ala). We investigated the hypothesis that the PPARγ Pro12Ala polymorphism is associated with colorectal adenoma risk in a recently concluded case–control study of incident sporadic colorectal adenomas (163 cases and 212 controls). The multivariate-adjusted odds ratio (OR) for incident sporadic colorectal adenoma was 0.65 (95% CI 0.39–1.09) for those with the Pro12Ala or Ala12Ala genotype compared with those with the Pro12Pro genotype. Multivariate-adjusted inverse associations with the Ala12 variant were more pronounced among those who were female (OR 0.36, 95% CI 0.18–0.75) or did not take non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (OR 0.38, 95% CI 0.14–1.00). Marginally significant results were observed among those with a lower waist:hip ratio (OR 0.52, 95% CI 0.24–1.12) or a lower body mass index (OR 0.46, 95% 0.20–1.05). Smoking was a very strong risk factor (OR 2.34, 95%CI 1.37–4.02) for colorectal adenoma among those with the wild-type (Pro12Ala) genotype, but not those with the Ala12 variant (OR 0.86, 95%CI 0.35–2.09). Larger studies are needed to validate these results, which suggest that the PPARγ Pro12Ala polymorphism may interact with other factors to protect against colorectal adenoma.

Keywords: BMI, body mass index [weight (kg)/height (m)2]; CI, confidence interval; NSAID, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug; OR, odds ratio; PPARγ, peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor γ; WHR, waist:hip ratio

Journal Article.  5890 words. 

Subjects: Clinical Cytogenetics and Molecular Genetics

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