Journal Article

Modulation of light-induced skin tumors by <i>N</i>-acetylcysteine and/or ascorbic acid in hairless mice

Francesco D'Agostini, Roumen M. Balansky, Anna Camoirano and Silvio De Flora

in Carcinogenesis

Volume 26, issue 3, pages 657-664
Published in print March 2005 | ISSN: 0143-3334
Published online March 2005 | e-ISSN: 1460-2180 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/carcin/bgi008
Modulation of light-induced skin tumors by N-acetylcysteine and/or ascorbic acid in hairless mice

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The light emitted by halogen quartz bulbs contains a broad spectrum of UV wavelengths, is strongly genotoxic and is a potent inducer of skin tumors in hairless mice. By using a UVC filter, this light mimics solar radiation and induces a variety of genomic and transcriptional alterations in mouse skin. UV-related carcinogenesis involves depletion of antioxidants and glutathione in skin cells. On this basis, we evaluated modulation of carcinogenicity of UVC-filtered halogen lamps in SKH-1 hairless mice by the antioxidants N-acetyl-l-cysteine (NAC) and ascorbic acid (AsA). Both agents were given in the drinking water, either individually or in combination. The earliest skin lesions were detected after 300 days' exposure to light and became confluent in a number of mice after 480 days. NAC administration prolonged the latency time by 90 days. Moreover, NAC considerably and significantly decreased both incidence and multiplicity of light-induced skin tumors, prevented the occurrence of malignant lesions (squamocellular carcinomas) and reduced the tumor size. In contrast, AsA, which may behave as a prooxidant rather than an antioxidant, increased the multiplicity of total skin tumors, carcinomas in situ and squamocellular carcinomas. Co-administration of NAC with AsA significantly attenuated the negative effect of AsA, presumably due to the ability of this thiol to maintain a reduced environment. Therefore, in agreement with our previous in vitro findings, oral NAC is able to attenuate the detrimental effects of AsA.

Keywords: AP-1, activator protein-1; AsA, ascorbic acid; COX-2, cyclooxygenase 2; GSH, reduced glutathione; JNK, Jun N-terminal kinase; NAC, N-acetyl-l-cysteine; ROS, reactive oxygen species

Journal Article.  5806 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Clinical Cytogenetics and Molecular Genetics

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