Journal Article

LMP7/TAP2 gene polymorphisms and HPV infection in esophageal carcinoma patients from a high incidence area in China

Bangwei Cao, Xiuyun Tian, Yong Li, Pingwei Jiang, Tao Ning, Haiping Xing, Yiqiang Zhao, Chunfeng Zhang, Xiaotian Shi, Dafang Chen, Yan Shen and Yang Ke

in Carcinogenesis

Volume 26, issue 7, pages 1280-1284
Published in print July 2005 | ISSN: 0143-3334
Published online March 2005 | e-ISSN: 1460-2180 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/carcin/bgi071
LMP7/TAP2 gene polymorphisms and HPV infection in esophageal carcinoma patients from a high incidence area in China

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Esophageal carcinoma is characterized by a widely ranged incidence variation among the different geographic regions. Anyang is a county in Henan Province of North China with the highest prevalence of esophageal carcinoma. Human papillomavirus (HPV) infection has been linked to the etiology of esophageal cancer in this area. In this study, we investigated correlations of the polymorphisms at low molecular weight polypeptide (LMP) and transporters with antigen processing (TAP) genes, with the risk of esophageal carcinoma. DNA extracted from either tumor specimens or esophageal epithelial cells was used to test HPV infection. Peripheral blood lymphocyte DNA was used for LMP/TAP genotyping. Polymerase chain reaction was performed to analyze HPV infection and LMP/TAP gene polymorphisms. The combined effect of LMP/TAP gene polymorphisms and HPV infection on esophageal carcinoma was analyzed by using unconditional logistic regression models. The TAP2 codons 379 isoleucine carriers and LMP7 codons 145 lysine carriers were found to be more susceptible to esophageal carcinoma (OR = 2.74, 95% CI = 1.15–6.49, P = 0.023 for TAP2; OR = 2.19, 95% CI = 1.09–4.37, P = 0.027 for LMP7). Patients carrying homozygous LMP7/TAP2 haplotype C, which contained the glutamine at LMP7 codons 145 and the isoleucine at TAP2 codons 379, were more prone to develop esophageal carcinoma (OR = 2.96, 95% CI = 1.13–7.81, P = 0.027). An additive effect on the risk of esophageal carcinoma development was found among individuals carrying LMP7/TAP2 haplotype C and infected by HPV (OR = 4.33, 95% CI = 2.53–7.42, P < 0.0001). LMP7/TAP2 haplotype C may act as the risk factor in esophageal carcinoma development and it may influence the tumorigenesis in HPV infected individuals.

Keywords: CI, confidence interval; HPV, human papillomavirus; LMP, low molecular weight polypeptide; MHC, major histocompatibility complex; OR, odds ratio; PCR, polymerase chain reaction; SNP, single nucleotide polymorphism; TAP, transporters with antigen processing

Journal Article.  3992 words. 

Subjects: Clinical Cytogenetics and Molecular Genetics

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