Journal Article

<i>In vivo</i> antitumor activity of the NF-κB inhibitor dehydroxymethylepoxyquinomicin in a mouse model of adult T-cell leukemia

Takeo Ohsugi, Ryouichi Horie, Toshio Kumasaka, Akira Ishida, Takaomi Ishida, Kazunari Yamaguchi, Toshiki Watanabe, Kazuo Umezawa and Toru Urano

in Carcinogenesis

Volume 26, issue 8, pages 1382-1388
Published in print August 2005 | ISSN: 0143-3334
Published online April 2005 | e-ISSN: 1460-2180 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/carcin/bgi095
In vivo antitumor activity of the NF-κB inhibitor dehydroxymethylepoxyquinomicin in a mouse model of adult T-cell leukemia

More Like This

Show all results sharing this subject:

  • Clinical Cytogenetics and Molecular Genetics

GO

Show Summary Details

Preview

Adult T-cell leukemia (ATL) is an aggressive neoplasm caused by human T-cell leukemia virus type I (HTLV-I). The nuclear transcription factor, NF-κB, is induced by HTLV-I and is central to the ensuing neoplasia. To examine the effect of a novel NF-κB inhibitor, dehydroxymethylepoxyquinomicin (DHMEQ), on ATL in vivo, we developed an improved severe combined immunodeficiency (SCID) mouse model for ATL. Five-week-old SCID mice in which natural killer (NK) cell activity had been eliminated were inoculated intraperitoneally with the HTLV-I-infected cell lines, TL-Om1, MT-1, MT-2 and HUT-102. No engraftment of TL-Om1 cells and little tumorigenesis of MT-1 cells were detected 40 days after injection. In contrast, inoculation of mice with MT-2 and HUT-102 cells elicited high mortality, 100% frequency of gross tumor formation and tumor cell infiltration of various organs, all of which were reduced by coadministration of DHMEQ during the inoculation. Moreover, tumors from mice treated with DHMEQ had a high frequency of apoptosis. These results suggest that DHMEQ induces apoptosis in HTLV-I-transformed cells in vivo, resulting in inhibition of tumor formation and organ infiltration, thereby enhancing survival.

Keywords: ATL, adult T-cell leukemia; DHMEQ, dehydroxymethylepoxyquinomicin; DMSO, dimethylsulfoxide; HTLV-1, human T-cell leukemia virus type 1; NK, natural killer; SCID, severe combined immunodeficiency

Journal Article.  5282 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Clinical Cytogenetics and Molecular Genetics

Full text: subscription required

How to subscribe Recommend to my Librarian

Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content. Please, subscribe or login to access all content.