Journal Article

Vitamin E and organoselenium prevent the cocarcinogenic activity of arsenite with solar UVR in mouse skin

Ahmed N. Uddin, Fredric J. Burns and Toby G. Rossman

in Carcinogenesis

Volume 26, issue 12, pages 2179-2186
Published in print December 2005 | ISSN: 0143-3334
Published online July 2005 | e-ISSN: 1460-2180 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/carcin/bgi180
Vitamin E and organoselenium prevent the cocarcinogenic activity of arsenite with solar UVR in mouse skin

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Arsenic-induced carcinogenesis is a worldwide problem for which there is currently limited means for control. Recently, we showed that arsenite in drinking water greatly potentiates solar ultraviolet radiation (UVR) induced skin cancer in mice, at concentrations as low as 1.25 mg/l. In this study, we examined the protective efficacy of vitamin E and 1,4-phenylenebis(methylene)selenocyanate (p-XSC) against tumors induced by UVR and UVR + arsenite. Hairless mice were exposed to UVR alone (1.0 kJ/m2 × 3 times weekly) or UVR + sodium arsenite (5 mg/l in drinking water) and fed lab chow supplemented or not with vitamin E (RRR-α-tocopheryl acetate, 62.5 IU/kg diet) or p-XSC (10 mg/kg) for 26 weeks. The tumor yield for mice receiving UVR alone was 3.6 tumors/mouse and the addition of arsenite to the drinking water increased the yield to 7.0 tumors/mouse (P < 0.005). Vitamin E and p-XSC reduced the tumor yield in mice given UVR + arsenite by 2.1-fold (P < 0.001) and 2-fold (P < 0.002), respectively. Vitamin E, but not p-XSC, reduced the tumor yield induced by UVR alone by 30% (P < 0.05). No significant difference in tumor types or grade of malignancy was observed in mice treated with or without chemopreventives. Immunostaining of mouse skin for 8-oxo-2′-deoxyguanosine (8-oxo-dG) revealed a significant reduction of 8-oxo-dG formation in mice treated with vitamin E or p-XSC compared with those treated with UVR + arsenite. These results show that vitamin E and p-XSC protect strongly against arsenite-induced enhancement of UVR carcinogenesis.

Keywords: 8-oxo-dG, 8-oxo-2′-deoxyguanosine; SCC, squamous cell carcinoma; p-XSC, 1,4-phenylenebis(methylene)selenocyanate; TR, thioredoxin reductase; UVR, ultraviolet radiation.

Journal Article.  5682 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Clinical Cytogenetics and Molecular Genetics

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