Journal Article

Stimulation of CEACAM1 expression by 12-<i>O</i>-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate (TPA) and calcium ionophore A23187 in endometrial carcinoma cells

Ana-Maria Bamberger, Juliane Briese, Julica Götze, Insa Erdmann, Heinrich M. Schulte, Christoph Wagener and Peter Nollau

in Carcinogenesis

Volume 27, issue 3, pages 483-490
Published in print March 2006 | ISSN: 0143-3334
Published online December 2005 | e-ISSN: 1460-2180 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/carcin/bgi275
Stimulation of CEACAM1 expression by 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate (TPA) and calcium ionophore A23187 in endometrial carcinoma cells

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Downregulation of carcinoembryonic antigen-related cell adhesion molecule (CEACAM1), a cell adhesion molecule with tumor suppressing properties has been observed in a high percentage of carcinomas of the endometrium and other malignancies. The mechanisms for the dysregulation and the role of hormones and cytokines on the expression of CEACAM1 in endometrial carcinomas is unknown. We therefore studied the effect of estradiol, medroxyprogesterone acetate (MPA), RU486, gamma-interferon (IFN-γ), tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α), 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate (TPA) and calcium ionophore A23187 on the expression in the non-expressing endometrial tumor cell lines Hec1B and Skut1B, respectively. No induction of CEACAM1 expression was observed in Hec1B endometrial adenocarcinoma cells in response to hormones and cytokines whereas treatment with TPA and calcium ionophore A23187 resulted in the strong expression of endogenous CEACAM1 on the mRNA and protein levels. In contrast, no induction of CEACAM1 expression was observed in endometrial mixed mesenchymal Skut1B cells. Studies of other members of the CEACAM family revealed that the re-expression in Hec1B carcinoma cells is restricted to CEACAM1 suggesting a cell type-specific and cell type-independent mechanism of CEACAM1 activation via the protein kinase C (PKC) pathway. Induction of CEACAM1 expression was dependent on protein kinase C protein synthesis and luciferase reporter assays with CEACAM1 promoter constructs demonstrated that the re-expression of CEACAM1 is regulated at the transcriptional level. This is the first report demonstrating that activators of PKC are able to specifically induce the expression of CEACAM1 in human carcinoma cells and our findings may provide a basis for the therapeutic inhibition of tumor growth in malignancies in which CEACAM1 is downregulated.

Keywords: CEACAM1, carcinoembryonic antigen-related cell adhesion molecule; IFN-γ, gamma-interferon; MPA, medroxyprogesterone acetate; PKC, protein kinase C; TNF-α, tumor necrosis factor alpha

Journal Article.  5737 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Clinical Cytogenetics and Molecular Genetics

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