Journal Article

Convergent transcriptional profiles induced by endogenous estrogen and distinct xenoestrogens in breast cancer cells

Tonko Buterin, Caroline Koch and Hanspeter Naegeli

in Carcinogenesis

Volume 27, issue 8, pages 1567-1578
ISSN: 0143-3334
Published online February 2006 | e-ISSN: 1460-2180 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/carcin/bgi339
Convergent transcriptional profiles induced by endogenous estrogen and distinct xenoestrogens in breast cancer cells

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Estrogen receptors display high levels of promiscuity in accommodating a wide range of ligand structures, but the functional consequence of changing receptor conformations in complex with distinct agonists is highly controversial. To determine variations in the transactivation capacity induced by different estrogenic agonists, we assessed global transcriptional profiles elicited by natural or synthetic xenoestrogens in comparison with the endogenous hormone 17β-estradiol. Human MCF7 and T47D carcinoma cells, representing the most frequently used model systems for tumorigenic responses in the mammary gland, were synchronized by hormone starvation during 48 h. Subsequently, a 24 h exposure was carried out with equipotent concentrations of the selected xenoestrogens or 17β-estradiol. Analysis of messenger RNA was performed on high-density oligonucleotide microarrays that display the sequences of 33 000 human transcripts, yielding a total of 181 gene products that are regulated upon estrogenic stimulation. Surprisingly, genistein (a phytoestrogen), bisphenol-A and polychlorinated biphenyl congener 54 (two synthetic xenoestrogens) produced highly congruent genomic fingerprints by regulating the same range of human genes. Also, the monotonous genomic signature observed in response to xenoestrogens is identical to the transcriptional effects induced by physiological concentrations of 17β-estradiol. This striking functional convergence indicates that the transcription machinery is largely insensitive to the particular structure of estrogen receptor agonists. The occurrence of such converging transcriptional programs reinforces the hypothesis that multiple xenoestrogenic contaminants, of natural or anthropogenic origin, may act in conjunction with the endogenous hormone to induce additive effects in target tissues.

Journal Article.  10277 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Clinical Cytogenetics and Molecular Genetics

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