Journal Article

Most spontaneous tumors in a mouse model of Li-Fraumeni syndrome do not have a mutator phenotype

Kathleen A. Hill, Victoria L. Buettner, Analeah Heidt, Lin-Ling Chen, Wenyan Li, Kelly D. Gonzalez, Ji-Cheng Wang, William A. Scaringe and Steve S. Sommer

in Carcinogenesis

Volume 27, issue 9, pages 1860-1866
ISSN: 0143-3334
Published online April 2006 | e-ISSN: 1460-2180 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/carcin/bgl029
Most spontaneous tumors in a mouse model of Li-Fraumeni syndrome do not have a mutator phenotype

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Mutations are the substrate of cancer. Yet, little is known about the degree and nature of mutations in tumors because measurement of mutation load in tumors and normal tissues was generally not possible until the advent of transgenic mouse mutation detection systems. Herein, we present the first analysis of mutation frequency and pattern in thymic tumors from a mouse model of Li-Fraumeni syndrome (p53+/− murine model) using the Big Blue® assay with sequencing of all mutants. We also make the first characterization of mutation frequency and pattern in p53-deficient extra-thymic cancers. The data more than triple the literature on all non-mismatch repair deficient tumors for which mutations are identified by sequence analysis, allowing mutation frequency and pattern to be determined. Most tumors had a normal mutation frequency and a normal mutation pattern. Five tumors showed modest increases in mutation frequency (2.3-fold or less). Alterations in mutation patterns were uncommon, tumor-specific and not necessarily associated with increases in mutation frequency. Given the data from two spontaneous tumors (normal mutation frequency with an abnormal pattern in a p53−/− mouse and low mutation frequency in a p53+/+ control mouse), we hypothesize that tumors sometimes can carry a low mutation load. The study was not without certain caveats: mutation load could not be compared between tumor and normal tissue from the same animal; sample sizes for extra-thymic tumor types were small, and only point mutations and deletions, insertions and indels up to 2 kb were detected. However, the data clearly show key differences in tumors from p53+/− mice compared with mismatch repair deficient tumors; a lack of dramatic increase in mutation frequency and absence of a signature of mutation.

Journal Article.  5031 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Clinical Cytogenetics and Molecular Genetics

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