Journal Article

Overexpression of Cdc20 leads to impairment of the spindle assembly checkpoint and aneuploidization in oral cancer

Gourish Mondal, Shiladitya Sengupta, Chinmoy K. Panda, Susanne M. Gollin, William S. Saunders and Susanta Roychoudhury

in Carcinogenesis

Volume 28, issue 1, pages 81-92
Published in print June 2006 | ISSN: 0143-3334
Published online January 2007 | e-ISSN: 1460-2180 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/carcin/bgl100
Overexpression of Cdc20 leads to impairment of the spindle assembly checkpoint and aneuploidization in oral cancer

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Defects in the spindle assembly checkpoint are thought to be responsible for an increased rate of aneuploidization during tumorigenesis. Despite a plethora of information on the correlation between BUB-MAD gene expression levels and defects in the spindle checkpoint, very little is known about alteration of another important spindle checkpoint protein, Cdc20, in human cancer and its role in tumor aneuploidy. We observed overexpression of CDC20 in several oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) cell lines and primary head and neck tumors and provide evidence that such overexpression of CDC20 is associated with premature anaphase promotion, resulting in mitotic abnormalities in OSCC cell lines. We also reconstituted the chromosomal instability phenotype in a chromosomally stable OSCC cell line by overexpressing CDC20. Thus, abnormalities in the cellular level of Cdc20 may deregulate the timing of anaphase promoting complex (APC/C) in promoting premature anaphase, which often results in aneuploidy in the tumor cells.

Journal Article.  7733 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Clinical Cytogenetics and Molecular Genetics

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