Journal Article

Deoxycholate induces mitochondrial oxidative stress and activates NF-κB through multiple mechanisms in HCT-116 colon epithelial cells

C.M. Payne, C. Weber, C. Crowley-Skillicorn, K. Dvorak, H. Bernstein, C. Bernstein, H. Holubec, B. Dvorakova and H. Garewal

in Carcinogenesis

Volume 28, issue 1, pages 215-222
Published in print August 2006 | ISSN: 0143-3334
Published online January 2007 | e-ISSN: 1460-2180 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/carcin/bgl139
Deoxycholate induces mitochondrial oxidative stress and activates NF-κB through multiple mechanisms in HCT-116 colon epithelial cells

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Nuclear factor kappa B (NF-κB) is a redox-associated transcription factor that is involved in the activation of survival pathways. We have previously shown that deoxycholate (DOC) activates NF-κB in hepatocytes and colon epithelial cells and that persistent exposure of HCT-116 cells to increasing concentrations of DOC results in the constitutive activation of NF-κB, which is associated with the development of apoptosis resistance. The mechanisms by which DOC activates NF-κB in colon epithelial cells, and whether natural antioxidants can reduce DOC-induced NF-κB activation, however, are not known. Also, it is not known if DOC can generate reactive oxygen species within mitochondria as a possible pathway of stress-related NF-κB activation. Since we have previously shown that DOC activates the NF-κB stress-response pathway in HCT-116 cells, we used this cell line to further explore the mechanisms of NF-κB activation. We found that DOC induces mitochondrial oxidative stress and activates NF-κB in HCT-116 cells through multiple mechanisms involving NAD(P)H oxidase, Na+/K+-ATPase, cytochrome P450, Ca++ and the terminal mitochondrial respiratory complex IV. DOC-induced NF-κB activation was significantly (P < 0.05) inhibited by pre-treatment of cells with CAPE, EGCG, TMS, DPI, NaN3, EGTA, Ouabain and RuR. The NF-κB-activating pathways, induced by the dietary-related endogenous detergent DOC, provide mechanisms for promotion of colon cancer and identify possible new targets for chemoprevention.

Journal Article.  5730 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Clinical Cytogenetics and Molecular Genetics

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