Journal Article

The Akt inhibitor deguelin, is an angiopreventive agent also acting on the NF-κB pathway

Raffaella Dell'Eva, Claudia Ambrosini, Simona Minghelli, Douglas M. Noonan, Adriana Albini and Nicoletta Ferrari

in Carcinogenesis

Volume 28, issue 2, pages 404-413
Published in print September 2006 | ISSN: 0143-3334
Published online February 2007 | e-ISSN: 1460-2180 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/carcin/bgl162
The Akt inhibitor deguelin, is an angiopreventive agent also acting on the NF-κB pathway

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Several natural compounds, especially plant products and dietary constituents, are able to exhibit ‘angiopreventive’ (anti-angiogenic chemoprevention) activities both in vitro and in vivo. Deguelin is a rotenoid of the flavonoid family with chemopreventive activities able to decrease tumor incidence in animal models for lung, colon, mammary and skin carcinogenesis through Akt inhibition. Here we show that deguelin belongs to the ‘angiopreventive’ molecules and provide evidence for molecular events associated with its anti-angiogenic properties. The data show that deguelin inhibits HUVE cells growth by inducing cell-cycle arrest in the G0/G1 phase and in the absence of apoptosis. Growth arrest is associated with induction of p21 and p53 and decreased survivin levels. Deguelin also interferes with several points in the angiogenic process, including inhibition of endothelial cell migration, invasion and metalloprotease production, and potently inhibits in vivo angiogenesis and vascular tumor growth. In addition to Akt, the nuclear factor-kappaB (NF-κB) kinase pathway, which plays a critical role in the regulation of inflammation, vascular homeostasis and angiogenesis, was also repressed by deguelin even in the presence of inflammatory stimuli such as tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α). These findings reveal a new therapeutic potential for deguelin in angioprevention and anti-angiogenic therapy.

Journal Article.  6778 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Clinical Cytogenetics and Molecular Genetics

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