Journal Article

A prostaglandin E<sub>2</sub> receptor subtype EP<sub>1</sub>-selective antagonist, ONO-8711, suppresses 4-nitroquinoline 1-oxide-induced rat tongue carcinogenesis

Hiroki Makita, Michihiro Mutoh, Takayuki Maruyama, Kazuhiro Yonemoto, Atsushi Kobayashi, Hideki Fujitsuka, Makoto Toida, Toshiyuki Shibata, Shingo Miyamoto, Yumiko Yasui, Rikako Suzuki, Keiji Wakabayashi and Takuji Tanaka

in Carcinogenesis

Volume 28, issue 3, pages 677-684
Published in print October 2006 | ISSN: 0143-3334
Published online March 2007 | e-ISSN: 1460-2180 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/carcin/bgl178
A prostaglandin E2 receptor subtype EP1-selective antagonist, ONO-8711, suppresses 4-nitroquinoline 1-oxide-induced rat tongue carcinogenesis

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We previously reported that certain cyclooxygenase (COX) inhibitors could inhibit chemically induced tongue carcinogenesis. In the present study, we investigated the effects of prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) receptor EP1-selective antagonist ONO-8711 on 4-nitroquinoline 1-oxide (4-NQO)-induced oral carcinogenesis to know whether an EP1 receptor involves in oral carcinogenesis. Male Fischer 344 rats were given drinking water containing 4-NQO for 8 weeks (20 p.p.m. for the initial 2 weeks, 25 p.p.m. for 2 weeks, and then 30 p.p.m. for 4 weeks). After 4-NQO treatment, animals were given 400 or 800 p.p.m. ONO-8711 containing diets for 23 weeks. The incidence of tongue squamous cell carcinomas (SCC) in the 4-NQO-treated rats was 64%, while that in the rats given ONO-8711 after 4-NQO exposure was 29 (P < 0.05) and 29% (P < 0.05) in the 400 and 800 p.p.m. of ONO-8711, respectively. The multiplicity of tongue cancer was also smaller in the 4-NQO + ONO-8711 (400 p.p.m. ONO-8711, 0.35 ± 0.61; and 800 p.p.m. ONO-8711, 0.29 ± 0.47; P < 0.05), when compared with the 4-NQO alone group (0.88 ± 0.88). Feeding with ONO-8711 significantly reduced PGE2 level and cell proliferation activity in the non-tumorous epithelium of the tongue. Also, treatment with ONO-8711 resulted in the decrease in EP1 immunohistochemical expression in the tongue lesions induced by 4-NQO. The results suggest that EP1 receptor involves in oral carcinogenesis, and that an EP1-selective antagonist ONO-8711 exerts the cancer chemopreventive effects through the suppression of EP1 expression, PGE2 biosynthesis and cell proliferation.

Journal Article.  4870 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Clinical Cytogenetics and Molecular Genetics

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