Journal Article

Methylseleninic acid inhibits PMA-stimulated pro-MMP-2 activation mediated by MT1-MMP expression and further tumor invasion through suppression of NF-κB activation

Jong-Min Park, Aeyung Kim, Jang-Hee Oh and An-Sik Chung

in Carcinogenesis

Volume 28, issue 4, pages 837-847
Published in print October 2006 | ISSN: 0143-3334
Published online April 2007 | e-ISSN: 1460-2180 | DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.1093/carcin/bgl203
Methylseleninic acid inhibits PMA-stimulated pro-MMP-2 activation mediated by MT1-MMP expression and further tumor invasion through suppression of NF-κB activation

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Selenium, an essential biological trace element, reduces the incidence of cancer. Our previous studies show that selenite inhibits tumor invasion by suppressing the expression of matrix metalloproteinases (MMP) -2 and -9.Methylseleninic acid (MSeA), an immediate precursor of methylselenol, inhibits tumor cell growth in vitro and mammary carcinogenesis in vivo. In this study, we demonstrate that MSeA suppresses pro-MMP-2 activation in a dose-dependent manner induced by 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate (PMA), and further decreases the invasiveness of HT1080 tumor cells. Membrane type-1-MMP (MT1-MMP) is a crucial element in the process of pro-MMP-2 activation. Pro-MMP-2 binds MT1-MMP, using tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase-2 (TIMP-2) as an adaptor, by forming a trimolecular complex on the cell surface. MSeA blocked MT1-MMP in a dose-dependent manner, but not TIMP-2 expression. MMP-9 and TIMP-1 levels were not affected by MSeA. Selenite induced a decrease in protein levels of both pro-MMPs -9 and -2, but not active forms of pro-MMP-2. MT1-MMP expression is regulated by NF-κB. Our data show that the effect of MSeA on MT1-MMP expression is mediated through suppression of NF-κB activity. Methylselenol generated by selenomethionine (SeMet) and methioninase (METase) inhibited pro-MMP-2 activation induced by PMA, confirming the effect of MSeA on pro-MMP-2 activity. Moreover, ROS production induced by PMA was partly decreased in the presence of MSeA. This suppression of ROS production may be related to diminished NF-κB activity. Thus, our results suggest that MSeA blocks tumor invasion in vitro via inhibiting pro-MMP-2 activation mediated by suppression of MT1-MMP expression, which is regulated by the NF-κB signal pathway.

Journal Article.  6377 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Clinical Cytogenetics and Molecular Genetics

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