Journal Article

Aspirin activates the NF-κB signalling pathway and induces apoptosis in intestinal neoplasia in two <i>in vivo</i> models of human colorectal cancer

Lesley A. Stark, Kirsten Reid, Owen J. Sansom, Farhat V. Din, Sylvie Guichard, Iain Mayer, Duncan I. Jodrell, Alan R. Clarke and Malcolm G. Dunlop

in Carcinogenesis

Volume 28, issue 5, pages 968-976
Published in print May 2007 | ISSN: 0143-3334
Published online November 2006 | e-ISSN: 1460-2180 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/carcin/bgl220
Aspirin activates the NF-κB signalling pathway and induces apoptosis in intestinal neoplasia in two in vivo models of human colorectal cancer

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Substantial evidence indicates that aspirin has antitumour activity against large bowel cancer and modulation of the NF-kappaB (NF-κB) signalling pathway has been identified as a key mechanism in this effect. However, studies examining how aspirin affects the NF-κB pathway to promote apoptosis have been restricted to in vitro analysis in tissue culture systems and have produced contrasting results. Here, we employed two animal models of human colorectal cancer to determine aspirin effects on the NF-κB pathway in colorectal neoplasia in vivo, and the relationship of such effects to the induction of apoptosis. We demonstrate that aspirin induces phosphorylation and degradation of cytoplasmic IκBα in xenografted HT-29 tumours and in adenomas from APCMin+/− mice. Furthermore, we show that this response occurs in a time-dependent manner and is paralleled by nuclear translocation of p65 and caspase activation. Using high performance liquid chromatography analysis, we demonstrate that >0.5 mM salicylate levels are achievable in xenografted tumours after low-dose aspirin (40 mg/kg) treatment and that these levels, which are pharmacologically relevant to humans, are sufficient to stimulate an NF-κB and apoptotic response. We demonstrate that activation of the NF-κB pathway is associated with increased apoptosis in neoplastic epithelial cells, but found that aspirin has a minimal effect on nuclear p65 and apoptosis in normal intestinal mucosa from APCMin+/− mice. These in vivo findings further establish that aspirin induces activation of the NF-κB pathway in neoplastic epithelial cells and provide further support that this effect is important for the antitumour activity of the agent. These data have considerable relevance to cancer prevention and therapy.

Journal Article.  5437 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Clinical Cytogenetics and Molecular Genetics

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