Journal Article

GADD153 mediates celecoxib-induced apoptosis in cervical cancer cells$

Su-Hyeong Kim, Chang-Il Hwang, Yong-Sung Juhnn, Je-Ho Lee, Woong-Yang Park and Yong-Sang Song

in Carcinogenesis

Volume 28, issue 1, pages 223-231
ISSN: 0143-3334
Published online January 2007 | e-ISSN: 1460-2180 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/carcin/bgl227
GADD153 mediates celecoxib-induced apoptosis in cervical cancer cells$

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Celecoxib, a selective cyclooxygenase 2 inhibitor, is known to have anti-inflammatory activity and to induce apoptosis in various types of cancer cells. Here, we examined the molecular mechanism of celecoxib-induced apoptosis in cervical cancer cell lines (HeLa, CaSki and C33A). Screening of a microarray cDNA-chip containing 225 different genes revealed that growth arrest and DNA damage inducible gene (GADD153), a transcription factor involved in apoptosis, showed the strongest differential expression following celecoxib treatment in all three cervical cancer cell lines. Notably, siRNA-induced silencing of GADD153 suppressed celecoxib-induced apoptosis in all the three cell lines, and exogenous expression of GADD153 triggered apoptosis in cervical cancer cells in the absence of other apoptotic stimuli. A luciferase reporter gene assay and mRNA stability tests revealed that expression of GADD153 was regulated at both the transcriptional and post-transcriptional levels following celecoxib treatment. The region between −649 and −249, containing an intact C/EBP-ATF binding site, was required for the basal activity and celecoxib-induced stimulation of GADD153 promoter activity. Also, mRNA stability test showed that celecoxib prolonged the half-life of GADD153 mRNA. In terms of signaling pathway, addition of the NF-κB inhibitor, N-tosyl-l phenylalanyl-chloromethyl ketone (TPCK), had no effect on GADD153 expression levels. Celecoxib treatment induced Bak expression, whereas cell treated with siGADD153 or TPCK showed lower levels of celecoxib-induced Bak up-regulation. These novel findings collectively suggest that GADD153 may play a key role in celecoxib-induced apoptosis in cervical cancer cells by regulating the expression of proapoptotic proteins such as Bak.

Journal Article.  5268 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Clinical Cytogenetics and Molecular Genetics

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