Journal Article

Relationships between polymorphisms in <i>NOS3</i> and <i>MPO</i> genes, cigarette smoking and risk of post-menopausal breast cancer

Jun Yang, Christine B. Ambrosone, Chi-Chen Hong, Jiyoung Ahn, Carmen Rodriguez, Michael J. Thun and Eugenia E. Calle

in Carcinogenesis

Volume 28, issue 6, pages 1247-1253
Published in print June 2007 | ISSN: 0143-3334
Published online January 2007 | e-ISSN: 1460-2180 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/carcin/bgm016
Relationships between polymorphisms in NOS3 and MPO genes, cigarette smoking and risk of post-menopausal breast cancer

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NOS3 and MPO genes encode endothelial nitric oxide synthase and myeloperoxidase (MPO), respectively, which generate nitric oxide and reactive oxygen species. Because cigarette smoking generates reactive species, we hypothesized that NOS3 and MPO polymorphisms could influence susceptibility to breast cancer, particularly among smokers. We examined the associations between NOS3 Glu298Asp and MPO G-463A polymorphisms and breast cancer risk by cigarette smoking among post-menopausal women in the American Cancer Society's Cancer Prevention Study II Nutrition Cohort. Included in this analysis were 502 women who provided blood samples and were diagnosed with breast cancer between 1992 and 2001 and 505 cancer-free controls who were matched to the cases by age, race/ethnicity and date of blood donation. Genotyping for NOS3 and MPO was performed using TaqMan, and unconditional logistic regression was used to compute odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs). No statistically significant relationships were found between NOS3 and MPO genotypes and breast cancer risk. When considering smoking, variant NOS3 genotypes (GT and TT) were significantly associated with reduced breast cancer risk among never smokers (OR = 0.67, 95% CI = 0.45–0.99), but were associated with higher risk among ever smokers (OR = 1.59, 95% CI = 1.05–2.41) and 2-fold increase in risk for those who smoked >10 cigarettes per day (OR = 2.19, 95% CI = 1.21–3.97). NOS3 genotypes appeared to be associated with risk of post-menopausal breast cancer among smokers, supporting the hypothesis that subgroups of women based upon genetic profiles may be at higher risk of breast cancer when exposed to tobacco smoke.

Journal Article.  5073 words. 

Subjects: Clinical Cytogenetics and Molecular Genetics

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