Journal Article

<i>XRCC1</i> and <i>XPD</i> polymorphisms and esophageal adenocarcinoma risk

Geoffrey Liu, Wei Zhou, Beow Y. Yeap, Li Su, John C. Wain, John M. Poneros, Norman S. Nishioka, Thomas J. Lynch and David C. Christiani

in Carcinogenesis

Volume 28, issue 6, pages 1254-1258
Published in print June 2007 | ISSN: 0143-3334
Published online January 2007 | e-ISSN: 1460-2180 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/carcin/bgm020
XRCC1 and XPD polymorphisms and esophageal adenocarcinoma risk

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DNA damage is important in the pathogenesis of esophageal adenocarcinoma (EA). Polymorphic variants in DNA repair genes may be modifiers of the risk of EA through their role in altering human host response to gastroesophageal acid reflux, a well-described risk factor for EA. We studied the role of genetic polymorphisms of two key DNA repair genes, xeroderma pigmentosum group D (XPD) (Asp312Asn and Lys751Gln) in the nucleotide excision repair (NER) pathway and X-ray repair cross-complementing gene 1 (XRCC1) (Arg399Gln) in the base excision repair (BER) pathway, in the development of EA in 183 cases and 336 frequency-matched controls for age, gender and race. Genomic DNA was extracted from blood samples. Odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were obtained from logistic regression models, adjusted for body mass index at 18 years of age, smoking and alcohol exposure. The variant genotypes of XPD Lys751Gln polymorphism were associated with a higher risk of EA; the adjusted OR comparing Gln/Gln + Lys/Gln with Lys/Lys was 1.49 (95% CI: 1.02–2.14). Although no significant relationships were found for the XRCC1 Arg399Gln polymorphism alone, this polymorphism did modify the relationship between XPD Lys751Gln and EA risk; when both polymorphisms were evaluated together, adding the number of variant alleles of the two polymorphisms resulted in a significant trend (trend test, P = 0.008); compared with individuals with no variant alleles (n = 88), the adjusted ORs of developing EA are 1.49 (95% CI: 0.88–2.59), 1.69 (95% CI: 0.98–2.96) and 2.58 (95% CI: 1.31–5.06) for one (n = 195), two (n = 166) and three or four variant alleles (n = 70), respectively. No relationships were found for the XPD Asp312Asn polymorphism. We conclude that combined NER and BER pathways are important to the development of EA.

Journal Article.  4272 words. 

Subjects: Clinical Cytogenetics and Molecular Genetics

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