Journal Article

<i>CTLA-4</i> gene and susceptibility to human papillomavirus-16-associated cervical squamous cell carcinoma in Taiwanese women

Tsung-Hsien Su, Tzu-Yang Chang, Yann-Jinn Lee, Chih-Kai Chen, Hsin-Fu Liu, Chen-Chung Chu, Marie Lin, Pu-Tsui Wang, Wen-Chu Huang, Tze-Chien Chen and Yuh-Cheng Yang

in Carcinogenesis

Volume 28, issue 6, pages 1237-1240
Published in print June 2007 | ISSN: 0143-3334
Published online March 2007 | e-ISSN: 1460-2180 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/carcin/bgm043
CTLA-4 gene and susceptibility to human papillomavirus-16-associated cervical squamous cell carcinoma in Taiwanese women

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Human papillomavirus (HPV) is considered to be a necessary but not sufficient cause for cervical cancer. The host immunogenetic background plays an important role in the persistence of HPV infection and subsequent development of cervical cancer. Cytotoxic T-lymphocyte antigen-4 (CTLA-4) is a molecule expressed mainly on activated T cells and is important in the down-regulation of T-cell activation. The aim of this study was to determine if polymorphisms of the CTLA-4 gene are associated with HPV-induced cervical cancer in Taiwanese women. Polymerase chain reaction–restriction fragment length polymorphism was used to genotype −318 C/T, +49 A/G and CT60 A/G polymorphisms in 144 women with cervical squamous cell carcinoma (CSCC) and 378 ethnicity-matched healthy control women. The presence and genotypes of HPV in CSCC were determined by E6-, E7-based nested polymerase chain reaction. The frequency of C/T genotype of −318 C/T polymorphism was significantly higher in patients with HPV-16-positive CSCC compared with controls (odds ratio = 1.99, 95% confidence interval = 1.16–3.42, Pc = 0.03). No significant associations were found for +49 A/G and CT60 A/G polymorphisms. Analysis of haplotypes, computationally inferred from genotype data, also revealed no significant differences in distribution among all subjects with CSCC, those with HPV-16-positive CSCC and controls. Our results suggest that the −318 C/T variant in the promoter region of the CTLA-4 gene is associated with HPV-16-associated CSCC in Taiwanese women.

Journal Article.  3423 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Clinical Cytogenetics and Molecular Genetics

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