Journal Article

Significance of inflammation-associated regenerative mucosa characterized by Paneth cell metaplasia and β-catenin accumulation for the onset of colorectal carcinogenesis in rats initiated with 1,2-dimethylhydrazine

Toshio Imai, Katsuhiro Fukuta, Mai Hasumura, Young-Man Cho, Yoshio Ota, Shigeaki Takami, Hitoshi Nakagama and Masao Hirose

in Carcinogenesis

Volume 28, issue 10, pages 2199-2206
Published in print October 2007 | ISSN: 0143-3334
Published online May 2007 | e-ISSN: 1460-2180 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/carcin/bgm118
Significance of inflammation-associated regenerative mucosa characterized by Paneth cell metaplasia and β-catenin accumulation for the onset of colorectal carcinogenesis in rats initiated with 1,2-dimethylhydrazine

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Short-term dextran sodium sulfate (DSS) treatment has been shown to notably accelerate colorectal tumor development in rats initiated with 1,2-dimethylhydrazine (DMH). In the present study, to clarify mechanisms underlying the DSS influence, time-course studies of histopathological and immunohistochemical characteristics and β-catenin gene mutations in colorectal mucosa in early stages of this model were conducted. F344 males were given three subcutaneous injections of DMH (40 mg/kg body wt) within a week, followed by free access to drinking water containing 1% DSS for a week. At weeks 1, 4, 6 and 8 after the DSS treatment, rats were euthanized and colorectal samples were collected. At week 1, the colorectal mucosa demonstrated extensive erosion along with significant inflammatory cell infiltration and neighboring reactive hyperplasia. By week 4, the mucosal damage was repaired and regenerative mucosa, partly characterized by Paneth cell metaplasia and altered subcellular localization of β-catenin, was apparent. Areas with Paneth cells/β-catenin accumulation were significantly more likely to be accompanied by interstitial inflammation and 17 of 24 dysplastic foci were found in regenerative mucosa with Paneth cells. Furthermore, adenomas/carcinomas frequently featured various degrees of Paneth cell differentiation. Point mutations mainly in codons 34 and 41 of β-catenin gene were detected in 6 of 27 samples of regenerative mucosa with Paneth cells and four of nine dysplastic foci/adenomas/carcinomas. These findings indicate that inflammation-associated regenerative mucosa with Paneth cell metaplasia and alteration in the APC/β-catenin/Tcf signal transduction pathway are possibly involved in the acceleration of colorectal carcinogenesis in this DMH–DSS rat model.

Journal Article.  5214 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Clinical Cytogenetics and Molecular Genetics

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