Journal Article

Differences in K-ras and p53 gene mutations among pancreatic adenocarcinomas associated with regional environmental pollution

Amr S. Soliman, An-Chi Lo, Mousumi Banerjee, Nabih El-Ghawalby, Hussein M. Khaled, Sherif Bayoumi, Ibrahim A. Seifeldin, Atef Abdel-Aziz, James L. Abbruzzese, Joel K. Greenson and Stanley R. Hamilton

in Carcinogenesis

Volume 28, issue 8, pages 1794-1799
Published in print August 2007 | ISSN: 0143-3334
Published online June 2007 | e-ISSN: 1460-2180 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/carcin/bgm138
Differences in K-ras and p53 gene mutations among pancreatic adenocarcinomas associated with regional environmental pollution

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Background: Variations in genetic mutations in pancreatic carcinoma between different geographical regions have not been studied extensively, especially in developing countries where pancreatic cancer is relatively rare. Methods: We studied the molecular pathology of 54 pancreatic adenocarcinomas from Egyptian patients residing in a heavily polluted region of the eastern Nile River delta and compared the findings with 45 tumors from patients residing in low-pollution regions. Results: Rates of K-ras mutation in codon 12 and of p53 mutation in exons 5–8 were higher in tumors of patients from the high-pollution region as compared with the low-pollution regions (61.5 versus 34.2%, respectively, for K-ras, P = 0.01; 25.9 versus 11.6%, respectively, for p53, P = 0.08). There were also distinct differences in the specific types of K-ras and p53 mutations between the two regions. The ratio of G-to-T k-ras transversion mutation (codon 12) relative to wild-type was significantly higher in tumors from the high-pollution region (0.90) than tumors from the non-pollution site (0.28) (P = 0.03). Relative to tumors with wild-type, the ratio of p53 mutations in exons 5, 7 or 8 to wild-type in tumors from the high-pollution region was significantly higher than the ratio from the non-pollution site (0.28 versus 0.03, P = 0.01). Logistic regression showed that G-to-T transversion mutation in K-ras was predicted by the region of residence of the patients. Conclusions: Our study reveals that there are differences in the frequencies and types of K-ras and p53 mutations found in pancreatic adenocarcinomas of patients in high-pollution and low-pollution regions in Egypt and suggests that environmental factors may explain these differences. We speculate that gene–environment interactions in pancreatic carcinogenesis also occur in other populations.

Journal Article.  4911 words. 

Subjects: Clinical Cytogenetics and Molecular Genetics

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