Journal Article

Decreased 7,12-dimethylbenz[<i>a</i>]anthracene-induced carcinogenesis coincides with the induction of antitumor immunities in adult female B6C3F1 mice pretreated with genistein

Tai L. Guo, Rui P. Chi, Denise M. Hernandez, Wimolnut Auttachoat and Jian F. Zheng

in Carcinogenesis

Volume 28, issue 12, pages 2560-2566
Published in print December 2007 | ISSN: 0143-3334
Published online October 2007 | e-ISSN: 1460-2180 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/carcin/bgm223
Decreased 7,12-dimethylbenz[a]anthracene-induced carcinogenesis coincides with the induction of antitumor immunities in adult female B6C3F1 mice pretreated with genistein

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The objective of this study was to determine if genistein (GEN) modulation of the immune responses might contribute to the increased host resistances to tumors. A time-course study was performed in adult female B6C3F1 mice that had been exposed to GEN for 1–4 weeks at the dose level of 20 mg/kg by gavage. A significant increase in ex vivo cytotoxic T lymphocyte (CTL) activity was observed in the periods of 2 weeks and 4 weeks. Moreover, increased activities of CTLs were associated with a decrease in the percentage of CD4+CD25+ T cells and an increase in the production of interferon-γ and activation of STAT1 (signal transducer and activator of transcription 1) and STAT4. Additionally, exposure of mice to GEN increased the activities of in vivo CTLs. An increased activity of natural killer (NK) cells was also observed. Further study in the B16F10 tumor model suggested that GEN-mediated enhancement in host resistance to B16F10 tumor was partially related to its potentiating effect on NK cells. Finally, 7,12-dimethylbenz[a]anthracene (DMBA)-induced tumor model was employed to determine the chemopreventive effect of oral GEN treatment. Mice pretreated with GEN for 2 weeks by gavage, the time when an enhanced CTL activity had been produced, had a decreased susceptibility toward DMBA-mediated carcinogenesis, while treatment with GEN after tumor induction conferred no protection. In conclusion, pretreatment with GEN by gavage could enhance host resistances to the B16F10 tumor and DMBA-induced carcinogenesis, suggesting that GEN modulation of immune response was, at least partially, responsible for the antitumor effect of this compound.

Journal Article.  6260 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Clinical Cytogenetics and Molecular Genetics

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