Journal Article

<i>MDM2</i> SNP309 G allele increases risk but the T allele is associated with earlier onset age of sporadic breast cancers in the Chinese population

San San Lum, Hui Wan Chua, Huihua Li, Wen-Feng Li, Nanyan Rao, Jin Wei, Zhiming Shao and Kanaga Sabapathy

in Carcinogenesis

Volume 29, issue 4, pages 754-761
Published in print April 2008 | ISSN: 0143-3334
Published online February 2008 | e-ISSN: 1460-2180 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/carcin/bgn024
MDM2 SNP309 G allele increases risk but the T allele is associated with earlier onset age of sporadic breast cancers in the Chinese population

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Sporadic breast cancer in women <40 years is uncommon in Caucasians, in contrast to a much earlier onset in Chinese Asians. However, the molecular determinants for this earlier onset are unclear. It has been reported that SNP309 in the promoter of MDM2, the negative regulator of p53, affects the onset age of cancers in females. Essentially, the G allele, rather than the T allele, has been suggested to accelerate the age of cancer onset. Hence, we examined if MDM2 and p53 polymorphisms would be determinants of the early onset phenomenon in Chinese women. Our results indicate that the MDM2 SNP309 G allele is more prevalent in the Chinese population compared with reported frequencies in Caucasians, and increases breast cancer risk of both sporadic cases and those with family history. However, it was the T/T genotype that was associated with earlier onset age of sporadic breast cancers in contrast to the G allele that was associated with the familial cases. Though p53 codon 72 single-nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) did not affect general cancer risk or age of onset, arginine homozygozity, in contrast to proline homozygozity, was found to decrease breast cancer risk in the later onset sporadic cases. Both SNP309 and codon 72 polymorphisms did not affect the stage of cancer. Together, the data suggest that though the MDM2 SNP309 G allele is a risk factor for breast cancer, it does not accelerate, but delays the onset of the sporadic disease in Chinese women, highlighting that differences in ethnicity and family history may influence the role of MDM2 SNP309 in cancer susceptibility.

Journal Article.  6681 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Clinical Cytogenetics and Molecular Genetics

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