Journal Article

Association of KRAS polymorphisms with risk for lung adenocarcinoma accompanied by atypical adenomatous hyperplasias

Takashi Kohno, Hideo Kunitoh, Kenji Suzuki, Seiichiro Yamamoto, Aya Kuchiba, Yoshihiro Matsuno, Noriko Yanagitani and Jun Yokota

in Carcinogenesis

Volume 29, issue 5, pages 957-963
Published in print May 2008 | ISSN: 0143-3334
Published online February 2008 | e-ISSN: 1460-2180 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/carcin/bgn048
Association of KRAS polymorphisms with risk for lung adenocarcinoma accompanied by atypical adenomatous hyperplasias

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The pulmonary adenoma susceptibility 1 (Pas1) gene affects susceptibility to the development of lung adenomas in mice with a subset of the adenomas progressing to adenocarcinoma (ADC). In this study, genotype distributions for 10 polymorphisms in the human counterparts for three mouse candidate Pas1 genes, KRAS, CASC1/LAS1 and LRMP, were examined in a hospital-based case–control study consisting of 364 lung ADC cases and 253 controls. All the ADC cases were subjected to lobectomy and subsequent pathological investigation of atypical adenomatous hyperplasia (AAH), a putative precursor for peripheral lung ADC, including bronchioloalveolar carcinoma, in the resected lobes. Eighty-one (22%) of the ADC cases carried at least one AAH lesion in addition to the primary ADC and 34 (9%) of them carried multiple AAH lesions. None of the 10 polymorphisms examined showed significant associations with overall lung ADC risk (P > 0.05). However, minor allele carriers for two polymorphisms in the KRAS gene, KRAS-1 and -6, showed significantly increased odds ratios (ORs) for ADC accompanied by multiple AAHs [OR = 3.0; 95% confidence interval (CI) = 1.4–6.2, P = 0.004 and OR = 2.4; 95% CI = 1.1–4.7, P = 0.02, respectively]. Minor haplotypes including the minor allele for the KRAS-6 polymorphism showed increased ORs for ADC accompanied by multiple AAHs, and KRAS transcripts from the minor allele for this polymorphism were more abundantly detected in lung tissues than those from the major allele. Thus, KRAS polymorphisms were indicated to be involved in risk for the development of AAHs that progress to ADC by causing differential KRAS oncogene expression in the lungs.

Journal Article.  4991 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Clinical Cytogenetics and Molecular Genetics

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