Journal Article

NSAIDs suppress the expression of claudin-2 to promote invasion activity of cancer cells

Shinji Mima, Masaya Takehara, Hiroko Takada, Tomoko Nishimura, Tatsuya Hoshino and Tohru Mizushima

in Carcinogenesis

Volume 29, issue 10, pages 1994-2000
Published in print October 2008 | ISSN: 0143-3334
Published online June 2008 | e-ISSN: 1460-2180 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/carcin/bgn134
NSAIDs suppress the expression of claudin-2 to promote invasion activity of cancer cells

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Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) show chemopreventive effects; however, the precise molecular mechanism of these effects is still unclear. On the other hand, the expression of proteins that form tight junctions (TJs) (such as claudins) in clinically isolated tumors is frequently altered relative to normal tissue. We previously reported that NSAIDs upregulate the expression of claudin-4 and that this upregulation contributes to NSAID-dependent inhibition of both migration activity and anchorage-independent growth of cancer cells. In the current study, we have systematically examined the effects of various NSAIDs on the expression of various TJ proteins and have found that NSAIDs specifically and drastically inhibit the expression of claudin-2. Overexpression or suppression of claudin-2 expression caused stimulation or inhibition, respectively, of the invasion and migration activity of cancer cells. Furthermore, NSAIDs inhibited the invasion and migration activity of cancer cells and this inhibition was suppressed by overexpression of claudin-2. In contrast, neither cell growth nor apoptosis induced by lack of anchorage of cancer cells was affected by overexpression or suppression of expression of claudin-2. These results suggest that inhibition of claudin-2 expression by NSAIDs contributes to NSAID-dependent inhibition of invasion of cancer cells in vitro and that it may be involved in the chemopreventive effects of NSAIDs by inhibiting metastasis in vivo.

Journal Article.  4963 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Clinical Cytogenetics and Molecular Genetics

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